Aisin Gioro Puyi was born at 7 February 1906. Puyi have used a Western given name Henry which was chosen by his English language teacher, a Scottsman named Reginald Johnston.
Chosen by Empress Dowager Cixi on her deathbed, Puyi become Emperor at the age of 2 years and 10 months in December 1908 after the Guangxu Emperor died on 14 November. Still child he ruled as Xuantong Emperor, the Twelfth ruler of Qing Dinasty from1908 until his abdiction on 12 February 1912, after the successful Xinhai Revolution. From 1 to 12 July 1912 he was briefly restored to the throne as a nominal emperor by the warlord Zhang Xun.
In 1934 he was declared the Kangde Emperor of the puppet state of Manchukuo by the Empire of Japan, and he ruled until the end of the second Sino-Japanese War in 1945. After the People's Republic of China established in 1949, Puyi imprisoned as a war criminal for 10 years.
From 1964 until his death, Puyi worked as an editor for the literary department of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, where his monthly salary was around 100 Yuan.