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https://www.kaskus.co.id/thread/526f17b3bdcb17ea16000002/with-pictures-history-of-fire-arms-in-japan
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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
History of FIre Arms in Japan

Arquebus,Musket and Bronze or Swivel Cannon Periode

Jepang sebagai salah satu negara yang memiliki sejarah militerisme dan Nasionalisme paling panjang di dunia ternyata sudah cukup lama mengenal senjata api dan sudah mengaplikasikannya dalam berbagai pertempuran sejak abad ke-13. Jepang memiliki kemampuan untuk mengadopsi teknologi baru dan mengembangkannya secara mandiri dengan kecepatan dan ketrampilan adaptasi yang luar biasa.

Di era Sengoku Jidai, Jepang mengembangkan versi Arquebuse-nya sendiri yang mereka peroleh teknologinya dari para Nanban Portugal dan Spanyol yang mulai berdatangan sejak tahun 1543. Mereka juga mengembangkan Swivel Cannon dan Demi Cannon yang teknologinya mereka peroleh dari kedua negara pelaut itu. Kemampuan manufaktur dan industri lokal Jepang di era itu sempat menjadikan angkatan perang Jepang di bawah Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi dan Tokugawa Ieyasu menjadi salah satu pemakai fire arms terbesar di dunia dari segi jumlah kepemilikan senjata api dan yang paling kompleks penggunaannya dan pengaplikasiannya di medan tempur.

Sakaku era, atau seclusion era dimana Tokugawa Iemitsu menyerukan untuk menutup Jepang dari pengaruh asing, terutama bangsa Eropa yang menyebarkan agama Kristen di Jepang akhirnya membuat perkembangan teknologi dan pengembangan taktik penggunaan senjata api di Jepang menjadi cukup mandeg dan cukup tertinggal dibanding negara-negara Eropa daratan yang pada saat itu dilanda perang besar dimana-mana. Sebaliknya Jepang mengalami masa damai dan pengembangan sastra dan budaya yang sangat signifikan di bawah pemerintahan Tokugawa. Jadi sebenarnya, senjata api di Jepang masih digunakan oleh para prajurit Tokugawa tapi frekuensi penggunaanya saja yang menjadi sangat jauh lebih sedikit dibandingkan dengan di era Sengoku Jidai ataupun Imjin War.

Sebagai bukti nyata bahwa senjata api masih digunakan dan dikembangkan secara internal oleh bangsa Jepang, terdapat sekitar 200 lebih gunsmith/bengkel pembuat senjata di Jepang pada akhir era Tokugawa/Periode Edo.

Kunitomo Ikkansai pada tahun 1820-an mengembangkan airgun versi Jepang yang menggunakan teknologi yang diakusisi dari pos dagang Belanda di Pulau Dejima. Airgun ini menggunakan teknologi mekanisme Flintlock. Jepang sendiri di awal tahun 1800-an banyak mempelajari ilmu pengetahuan Barat yang mereka peroleh melalui Belanda dan proses pembelajaran ini di era tersebut kerap disebut dengan “Rangaku”.


Salah seorang bangsawan Samurai dari Nagasaki bernama Takashima Shuhan pada tahun 1840-an mulai mengimport dalam jumlah besar flintlock musket dari Belanda yang dikenal dengan “Gewehr”. Dia mulai mengadopsi taktik militer dan persenjataan barat dan menunjukannya kepada Shogun Tokugawa dalam sebuah parade militer di Tokumarugahara yang terletak di sebelah utara kota Edo.
Kedatangan Commodore Perry dan kebijakannya untuk membuka Jepang secara paksa membuat Jepang mulai mengadopsi flintlock musket dan melengkapi seluruh prajurit mereka dengan senjata baru dan melatihnya dengan standar taktik yang digunakan oleh Barat (walau proses ini mendapatkan tantangan dari banyak samurai dan bangsawan lokal).
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Antique Japanese (samurai) tanegashima (matchlocks), Himeji castle.


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comparison between Musket ashigaru with Arquibuiser of Spain


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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Penggunaan kotak mesiu yang di kasih pelapis wax untuk menghindari air hujan


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Reenactor of Kawagoe muskets
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Yonezawa Tetsupo, Yonezawa was a poor country in northeastern Japan ruled by lord Uesugi, but the matchlocks made there were impressive. They are mostly Jyu(10) Monme guns with dark colored stocks and iron locks with big trigger guards


Quote:[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Sendai Tsutsu
Sendai, ruled by lord Date who sent missionaries to Mexico in the early seventeenth century before Japan closed the country, is one of the biggest countries , and matchlocks made there were simple but very durable. Usually they have only two pins to hold the barrels to the stocks. Many sizes of these guns exists, but they all have the same physical characteristics.


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Tantutu (pistols)
Matchlock pistols all have very straight grips which are difficult to hold. To open the pan cover on a pistol the left hand is also required. Pistols were not regarded as reasonable weapons so the number of pistols is not large. A strong arm was needed to manage the straight grip.
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Bajoututu (Carbines)
"Bajou" meant "horseback" and hence the Bajoututu was a matchlock designed to be fired from horseback. These guns were longer than the Tantutu: many carbines were used but the 5 Monme is the most popular.


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Hazamatutu (Wall Guns)
These guns were shot from ships or from the windows of castles. Their length is mostly more than five feet and they weigh between 50 and 60 pounds.


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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Five Monme Bajoututu
These guns of .60 caliber had a length of two feet and a barrel length of 14 inches
.

Quote:[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Tsushiura's Seki School
There used to be many shooting schools in Japan but this is not so today. One such school which is very well preserved is Seki School in Tsuchiura city, a small lord's territory directly east of Edo , now Tokyo. There remain several huge antique cannon, which, upon occasion, are fired. Mr. Seki, who is eleventh generation of the master, has many documents and equipment of the Seki School.
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Satsuma Tsutsu
Satuma was the lord of Shimazu, which is located at the southern part of Kyusu island and which faces Tannegashima island. The guns made there preserved the style of guns which were brought to Japan for the first time , in 1543. The standard Satsuma tsutsu, as these matchlocks are called, is about three feet and several inches; They have the caliber of 6 Monme and they have very small locks.


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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Hizen Tsutsu
Hizen was the lord of Arima, located next to Nagasaki on Kyushu island, and Nagasaki was the only port open to other countries during Edo Period. The Hizen tsutsu are heavy guns characterized by stocks painted with red lacquer.

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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Bizen Tsutsu
Bizen is the country which faces the Inland Sea, and it is famous for producing good swords. The matchlocks made there have very characteristic iron locks and large black stocks without trigger guards.
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Tosa Tsutsu
Tosa is on Shikoku island and it faces the Pacific Ocean; the lord of this country was Yamanouchi. The locks of this matchlock are fixed into the stock by vertical pins.


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Choushu Tsutsu
Choushu is at the far end of the main island Honshu, and it was a country of Activists in the Meiji Restoration. The matchlocks made there have short stocks which do not cover the barrel fully.


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Kishu Tepou
Kishu is a peninsula in the central part of Japan to which Tanegashima had good access by the Black Stream. It is said when Europeans brought the guns to Tanegashima, the lord was only sixteen years old when he purchased them. Just after that some Kishu merchants went there and brought them to Kishu.
The Christian missionaries reported that in the 1570's there were several large groups of warriors with many guns hired from there. The matchlocks made there are slender and light in weight, and their lock parts are square-shaped.
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Numbered Guns in the Northeast Part of Honshu
In this region are popular standard guns which are slightly longer than three feet, but which have larger calibers of 4/5- 5 Monme. Some of the guns have numbers, and the parts are also numbered, so they are called "Bantutu," or "numbered guns." These guns are simple and practical.


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Fifty Monme Tsutsu
The caliber of these guns is almost 3.5 inch. Few guns with caliber over 50 monme exist. They were used as cannons against ships or fortifications.


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Thirty Monme Tsutsu
These weapons have a caliber of 1.1 inch; their barrels are short - about two feet in length - but they are very heavy and weigh about 60 pounds.


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Ten Monme Tsutsu
These weapons were called "Samurai-Tutu" and were of more than .70 caliber; They were very heavy guns. Most of these guns are well preserved.
[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
ilustrasi diagram tanegashima musket
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reenactor display how to loading musket ball


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an actor showing how to prepare gunpowder into its chamber
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Ashigaru using matchlocks (tanegashima) and hiding behind shields (tate).


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堺の鉄砲鍛冶「和泉名所図会」Gun smith of Sakai "Izumi ", Osaka


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actors firing their musket
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reenactor of hand cannoner in army of Japan

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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Japanese actor firing his arquebus

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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
samurai warriors with matchlock musket

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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Japanese reenactor with tanegashima musket

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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
an old actor with his tanegashima musket
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an actor with his weapons

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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
line of musketeers


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Typical line infantry in Japan at Sengoku era
fotonya keren2. trnyata musket jepang jman dulu jga mcem2 jenisnya yakk kraen 1 tipe aja.
nanya. dulu pas jman sengoku yg pling banyak memakai musket apa pasukannya oda nobunaga?? n apa mreka jga dh mengadopsi line infantry ala barat jga ya??

The Right Tactis and using Fire arms bring Nobunaga to win the Battle

Quote:Battle of Nagashino, the rise Ashigaru Musketeer

The Battle of Nagashino took place on June 28th 1575. The forces of Takeda Katsuyori clashed with the allied forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu on the Shitaragahara plain near Nagashino Castle, located in central Japan. Takeda Katsuyori was the son of the late great general Takeda Shingen and was ready to try and make a name for himself. Tokugawa Ieyasu owned the lands to the south, along the main avenue of approach through central Japan to Kyoto, the Imperial capital. The Takeda and Tokugawa had fought many times before. Allied to Ieyasu was Oda Nobunaga, the nominal hegemon of central Japan. Nobunaga controlled the heartland of Japan around Kyoto and was an innovator with firearms and tactics in Japanese warfare.

This analysis will use three sources to describe the Battle of Nagashino. The first of these are two books written by Stephen R. Turnbull, one of the most prolific authors of Japanese military history in the English language. These books are Nagashino 1575: Slaughter at the Barricades (Oxford: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2000.) and Battles of the Samurai (New York: Arms and Armour Press, 1987). Mr. Turnbull's books are very detailed but slightly inconsistent. The last source is "Nagashino no Tatakai", Sengoku no Kassen, #85, Bessatsu Rekishi Tokuhon. (Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Orai Co., 1998). This is the definitive Japanese account of the battle.

The Takeda held the eastern mountain provinces of Kai and Shinano. To control Japan one had to control the center capital city of Kyoto. The first territories on the way to Kyoto were Totomi and Mikawa, owned by Tokugawa Ieyasu. Through these two ran the main highway between eastern Japan and the capital. His father had tried defeating the Tokugawa several times, until stopped by a sniper's bullet. In May of 1575 Katsuyori saw his chance to finish what his father had started. A high-ranking Tokugawa official offered to open the gates of Okazaki Castle, Ieyasu's capital, to the Takeda army. Taking Okazaki would isolate Ieyasu from his ally Nobunaga and allow Katsuyori to destroy the Tokugawa with ease. On 30 May Katsuyori left his home territories with approximately 15,000 men, half of the Takeda army. The other half was engaged to the north against the Uesugi clan. Unfortunately the plot was discovered and the traitor executed. Realizing that an attack on the castle was no longer feasible, Katsuyori bypassed and attacked Yoshida Castle to the south. The Tokugawa had anticipated his secondary objective, however, and had reinforced the castle with 6,000 men. Not wishing for a prolonged siege against a strong garrison, the Takeda retreated up the Toyokawa River, arriving at Nagashino Castle on 14 June. Nagashino Castle was a small fortification guarded by 500 men. The attack began on 17 June and continued for several days until the 22nd, when after taking heavy casualties the Takeda decided to starve the defenders out. A samurai named Torii Sune'emon escaped the siege carrying a message asking for relief. Ieyasu was meeting with his ally Oda Nobunaga at Okazaki, deciding what to do. The message helped to spur the two warlords into action. Torii Sune'emon returned to Nagashino to inform his comrades, but was captured by the Takeda. Katsuyori offered to spare his life if he would shout to the garrison that no relief was coming. Bravely, Sune'emon shouted that help was on its way and not to give up. The Takeda then put him to death. Both they and the garrison knew that the Oda-Tokugawa combined army was on its way.

Intelligence support at this time in Japanese warfare was very rudimentary. Spies and scouts reported enemy positions and compositions to their commanders. Ieyasu's counterintelligence had discovered the plot against Okazaki, and his spies and scouts had tracked the Takeda well enough to allow Ieyasu to anticipate Katsuyori's moves. Torii Sunee'mon's report allowed Ieyasu and Nobunaga to gauge the situation and plan their attack; it's an easy conclusion to assume they had a good idea of the Takeda size and composition. Katsuyori also used spies and scouts, and made decisions based on the reports: he changed course after learning his plot failed at Okazaki; he retreated from Yoshida Castle once he ascertained its size; and now he knew an Oda-Tokugawa relief army was coming to aid Nagashino Castle.

As with any battle, terrain and weather played a significant part at Nagashino. June is Japan's rainy season, and the night of the 27th there was a heavy rainstorm. The day of the battle, June 28th, was hot and humid. The battlefield, Shitaragahara, was five kilometers southwest of Nagashino Castle. Key terrain in the area included Nagashino Castle, Tobigasuyama Hill across the Toyokawa River, and Mount Gambo, which anchored the Oda flank. The sources do not significantly discuss avenues of approach, but none of the terrain was severely restricted, since horse cavalry and infantry could move through the woods and rolling hills fairly well. Obstacles to movement were the Onogawa and Takigawa Rivers, which joined together at Nagashino to form the Toyokawa River; these framed the battlefield. Woods extended from the Onogawa to about 200-400 meters from the Tokugawa and Oda lines near Mount Gambo, and 100 meters from the lines was the Rengogawa River, a small little stream with high banks that would break up a cavalry charge. The ground itself was muddy from the heavy rain. Lastly the Oda and Tokugawa forces built their own obstacles, a loose palisade halfway between the Rengogawa and their front lines, high enough to prevent a horse jumping over it. The fence provided some cover for the Oda gunners from the Takeda cavalry, and had gaps to allow counterattacks. Observation from the Oda positions was limited to the open 200-400 meters from their position to the woods on the other side of Shitaragahara. Fields of fire were only limited to the range of a matchlock musket, which was 200 meters. Once the Takeda left the woodline, there was no cover or concealment available except possibly the Rengogawa's banks.
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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Typical of Ashigaru musketeer Oda using in battle of Nagashino


The Oda army was 30,000 strong and the Tokugawa force was 8,000. This included a large matchlock corps of 3,000 gunners. Against them, the Takeda had 15,000 soldiers, one-third of which were the famous Takeda cavalry. Technology wise both sides were relatively similar. The Oda relied more on matchlock and spear-carrying foot soldiers while the Takeda relied on their cavalry, but overall the weapons were the same. A baggage train commanded by the "S4" ensured the frontline troops were supplied. Logistics did not appear to be a problem for either side at Nagashino with the exception of the garrison of the castle running out of food. Command and control differences played a large part in the battle. Oda Nobunaga gave the important job of controlling the 3,000 peasant-footsoldier matchlockmen to seven members of his personal bodyguard. They managed to keep the sometimes unreliable ashigaru in formation. The Takeda, on the other hand, had their best commanders with the forward cavalry units. Usually this worked since the cavalry led the charge, but it was the cavalry that was to suffer devastating casualties, and Katsuyori lost many of his most valuable commanders this way. As mentioned before, intelligence collection was somewhat advanced, but processing was very rudimentary. Scouts and spies reported directly to the commanders of both armies, who evaluated the information with the help of their generals. Direction and processing were conducted at this level, and information was disseminated usually in orders to subordinate commanders. The Oda and Tokugawa armies relied heavily on the ashigaru (peasant footsoldier) as spearmen, archers, and gunners, and spent much time training these lower class soldiers into disciplined troops. Gunners shot at the enemy while archers covered the reload time and spearmen protected them from cavalry charge. The Takeda, on the other hand, used their battle-tested cavalry to charge the enemy and force him to break, while the footsoldiers followed behind to clean up the disorganized enemy. The Oda and Tokugawa army's biggest advantage was most likely leadership: On the same side you find the "three unifiers" of Japan, Oda Nobunaga, Tokugawa Ieyasu, who later became Shogun, and Hashiba Hideyoshi, one of Nobunaga's generals and later unifier of Japan. Takeda Katsuyori had many good generals and commanders with much experience underneath him, however he failed to follow their advice to retreat and reaped the inevitable reward.
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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
illustration of Oda Musketeer standing behind palisade wall


The mission of the Oda-Tokugawa forces was to defeat the Takeda cavalry charge and then destroy the Takeda as an effective fighting force, forcing them to retreat. The Takeda mission was to decisively defeat the combined forces, forcing a retreat and allowing the Takeda to gain control of Nagashino Castle. The Oda-Tokugawa forces formed in line running from north to south from Mount Gambo down to the Toyokawa River, about 2,000 meters. Fifty meters in front of the main positions, the palisade was erected to provide protection to the gunner force of 3,000. Fifty meters in front of the palisade was the Rengogawa River. The Takeda left 3,000 men to continue the siege and moved 12,000 in four groups to the woodline 200-400 meters away from the Oda across Shitaragahara. Katsuyori placed three groups of 3,000 each forward, and kept a reserve of 3,000 soldiers. At 0600 on 28 June, Katsuyori gave the signal to attack, and the three forward units charged out of the woodline to attack the Oda lines. However the Rengogawa considerably slowed the charge, and at this point the Oda gunners opened fire at close range, further breaking any momentum. Using a volley fire system with three ranks, they quickly fired again and again, destroying the Takeda charge. This is the first documented use of large-scale volley fire worldwide, 25 years before it is seen in Europe. Takeda samurai who managed to break through were cut down in isolated pockets as they came through the palisade. While this was going on, an Oda raid of 3,000 men had maneuvered to the Takeda rear and attacked the siege forces, routing them and relieving the castle defenders. Back at Shitaragahara, the battle continued in much the same way until 0900. Takeda cavalry would charge and be repulsed by Oda gunfire. The next wave of Takeda would charge, but was even further slowed by the bodies of their comrades, and would be halted. On the northern flank, the outermost Oda unit retreated, causing the Takeda to chase, only to be hit in the flank by another Oda unit. Fierce hand-to-hand fighting raged on the southern flank, unprotected by woods or palisade. At this point Katsuyori committed his reserves and personal bodyguard, charging personally at the Oda lines. Again the result was the same, and the charge was stopped. The battle degenerated into brutal hand-to-hand combat as the Oda samurai charged out from the palisade. This continued until 1300, when Nobunaga signaled his men to withdraw to the palisade. Temporarily disengaged, the Takeda began to retreat. Nobunaga ordered a pursuit, and despite the valiant attempts of Katsuyori's generals to fight a rearguard action, many Takeda samurai were run down and killed. Takeda Katsuyori withdrew back towards his home provinces. His northern commander had broken contact on the other front and hurried south to cover Katsuyori's withdrawal, and the Oda-Tokugawa force broke off pursuit at the border. Total Takeda casualties were 10,000 out of 15,000, 67%. Most of the Takeda high-ranking commanders had died leading their units in the charge, and many more had died fighting during the withdrawal. Oda-Tokugawa casualties totaled 6,000, around 16% of their force. One third of the Takeda army was destroyed along with half of the senior command. This eliminated the Takeda as a contender for power and began their destruction. The Tokugawa completely destroyed them in 1582. Victory at Nagashino secured the Oda eastern flank, and allowed Oda Nobunaga to consolidate his power around the capital and expand to the west.

Several things caused the Oda to win. Oda Nobunaga correctly read the ground and determined that he could withstand a cavalry charge. Katsuyori counted on the cavalry charge to break the lower class Oda troops and cause a rout. Because of the natural and man-made obstacles, this did not happen. Katsuyori also assumed that the rain would nullify the effects of the Oda matchlocks, but the Oda soldiers succeeded in keeping their powder dry. Katsuyori decided not to follow the advice of his generals, and it cost him dearly. Two intelligence "lessons learned" are apparent. The first is that Katsuyori's scouts did not do a good job reconnoitering the Oda positions, because they would have had to have seen the palisade. This reconnaissance failure caused the Takeda to charge at fortifications they could not breach. The second lesson is the value of Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield and knowing your opponent's doctrine. The mighty Takeda cavalry charge had beaten Nobunaga before, and he focused all of his preparation on breaking the momentum of the charge, from choosing the battlefield to emplacing obstacles to developing a sustained rate of fire with single shot matchlocks. Katsuyori focused only on his own tactics, since they had won for him before, and did not properly assess the terrain and enemy forces.

Samurai archives
Quote:Original Posted By kangmasraditbon
fotonya keren2. trnyata musket jepang jman dulu jga mcem2 jenisnya yakk kraen 1 tipe aja.
nanya. dulu pas jman sengoku yg pling banyak memakai musket apa pasukannya oda nobunaga?? n apa mreka jga dh mengadopsi line infantry ala barat jga ya??


Oda itu berasal dari provinsi miskin di Jepang, dan gak memiliki banyak kelas samurai atau bangsawan. Jadi untuk mengatasi kekurangannya Oda mengandalkan pasukan Ashigaru yang dilatih dari rakyat biasa/kelas petani dan membentuk mereka melalui pelatihan yang rutin dan keras. Dan ketika musket diperkenalkan Oda menyadari kelebihan senjata satu itu dan mengadopsinya secara luas untuk pasukan ashigarunya. Kalau di Eropa perbandingan musketeer dan pasukan Tercio/pikemen hanya sekitar 1 : 6 hingga delapan, Oda secara drastis mengubah lebih dari seperempat pasukannya menjadi pasukan musketeer dan memperkenalkan beragam taktik dan inovasi perang yang baru. Itulah sebab mengapa Oda mampu mengalahkan Daimyo lainnya yang memiliki lebih banyak samurai dan kelas bangsawan di pasukan mereka.

Bukannya mengadopsi tapi mereka mengembangkan versi mereka sendiri lho. Spanyol yang dianggap kekuatan nomor satu Eropa sendiri gak mau berbuat macam-macam melawan Jepang lho walaupun ratusan warganya di salib di era Tokugawa Iemitsu, itu karena Jepang di era itu dianggap sebagai pemilik kekuatan darat nomor satu di Asia.
pernah nanya ke polda metro, dan ternyata matchlock (termasuk flintlock) dikategorikan sebagai senjata api, jadi mo beli buat pajangan juga ndak boleh emoticon-Frown
Quote:Original Posted By madokaichi


Oda itu berasal dari provinsi miskin di Jepang, dan gak memiliki banyak kelas samurai atau bangsawan. Jadi untuk mengatasi kekurangannya Oda mengandalkan pasukan Ashigaru yang dilatih dari rakyat biasa/kelas petani dan membentuk mereka melalui pelatihan yang rutin dan keras. Dan ketika musket diperkenalkan Oda menyadari kelebihan senjata satu itu dan mengadopsinya secara luas untuk pasukan ashigarunya. Kalau di Eropa perbandingan musketeer dan pasukan Tercio/pikemen hanya sekitar 1 : 6 hingga delapan, Oda secara drastis mengubah lebih dari seperempat pasukannya menjadi pasukan musketeer dan memperkenalkan beragam taktik dan inovasi perang yang baru. Itulah sebab mengapa Oda mampu mengalahkan Daimyo lainnya yang memiliki lebih banyak samurai dan kelas bangsawan di pasukan mereka.

Bukannya mengadopsi tapi mereka mengembangkan versi mereka sendiri lho. Spanyol yang dianggap kekuatan nomor satu Eropa sendiri gak mau berbuat macam-macam melawan Jepang lho walaupun ratusan warganya di salib di era Tokugawa Iemitsu, itu karena Jepang di era itu dianggap sebagai pemilik kekuatan darat nomor satu di Asia.


pnjelasane lngkap bnget sma pas bner ada artikelnya battle nagashino jga. trnyata provinsinya oda miskin ya brti emng nobunaga pnter melihat peluang n bakat ampe ngrekrut hideyoshi sgala.
kekuatan daratnya trlalu kuat smpe2 invasi k korea jga ya. tu d foto2 musketnya trus mngalami prkmbngan smpe taun 18sekian. tpi kok tentaranya tokugawa ampe kalah sma tentara satsuma-chosu pas jman restorasi meiji. apakah krena tokugawa nggak update strategi perang baru gtu n snapan nya klah modern gtu?
Quote:Original Posted By kangmasraditbon


pnjelasane lngkap bnget sma pas bner ada artikelnya battle nagashino jga. trnyata provinsinya oda miskin ya brti emng nobunaga pnter melihat peluang n bakat ampe ngrekrut hideyoshi sgala.
kekuatan daratnya trlalu kuat smpe2 invasi k korea jga ya. tu d foto2 musketnya trus mngalami prkmbngan smpe taun 18sekian. tpi kok tentaranya tokugawa ampe kalah sma tentara satsuma-chosu pas jman restorasi meiji. apakah krena tokugawa nggak update strategi perang baru gtu n snapan nya klah modern gtu?


Individual guns used By Both Sides During Boshin War


Numerous types of more or less modern smoothbore guns and rifles were imported, from countries as varied as France, Germany, the Netherlands, Britain or the United States, and coexisted with traditional types such as the Tanegashima (Japanese matchlock).

Most Shogunate troops used Büchse (Gewehr) smoothbore guns, which had been imported in Japan since around 1840, initially from the Netherlands by Takashima Akiho (高島秋帆). These guns were rather ancient and had limited capabilities, with an effective lethal range of about 50 meters, and a firing rate of about 2 rounds per minute. The Daimyo of Nagaoka however, an ally of the Shogun, possessed two Gatling guns and several thousand modern rifles.

The Shogunate is known to have placed an order for 30,000 modern Dreyse needle guns in 1866. Napoleon III provided Tokugawa Yoshinobu with 2,000 state-of-the-art Chassepot rifles, which he used to equip his personal guard. Antiquated Tanegashima matchlock guns are also known to have been used by the Bakufu however.

Imperial troops mainly used Minié rifles, which were much more accurate, lethal, and had a much longer range than the smoothbore Gewehr guns, although, being also muzzle-loading, they were similarly limited to two shots per minute. Improved breech-loading mechanisms, such as the Snider, developing a rate of about ten shots a minute, are known to have been used by troops of the Tosa Domain against the Shogunate's Shōgitai, at the Battle of Ueno in July 1868.

In the second half of the conflict, in the northeast theater, Tosa Province troops are known to have used American-made Spencer repeating rifles.American-made handguns were also popular, such as the 1863 Smith & Wesson Army No 2, which was imported to Japan by the Scottish trader Thomas Blake Glover and used by the Satsuma forces.

Quote:[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Weapons of the Boshin War


Quote:[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Bakufu Shogunate troops during Battle of Toba Fushimi
Quote:Original Posted By kabei
pernah nanya ke polda metro, dan ternyata matchlock (termasuk flintlock) dikategorikan sebagai senjata api, jadi mo beli buat pajangan juga ndak boleh emoticon-Frown


iyalah, flintlock atau matchlock bahkan arquebus jadul bisa dipake buat nembak orang mbah dari jarak sekian emoticon-Big Grin
Quote:[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Shogunate forces during battle of Hakodate

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[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Satsuma rebel uniform and foreign military attache


Quote:[With Pictures] History of FIre Arms in Japan
Tokugawa Navy sailor