[US to Release the Kraken] Why Seoul Is Wary of US-Japan Ties!

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[US to Release the Kraken] Why Seoul Is Wary of US-Japan Ties!

Why Seoul Is Wary of US-Japan Ties

By Shim Jae-hoon on 10:23 am October 12, 2013.
Category Asia-Pacific, Commentary, International, Opinion
Tags: Japan, South Korea

Quote:[US to Release the Kraken] Why Seoul Is Wary of US-Japan Ties!
The frosty gaze of Park Geun hye in APEC meeting

The front-page picture in Korean newspapers told the story of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation summit. South Korea’s President Park Geun-hye, looking frosty and gazing in the opposite direction, ignored Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe standing next to her at the Monday’s APEC meeting in Bali. The two leaders barely exchanged greetings, according to a Japanese news dispatch, and kept their contact to a minimum, “only for a few seconds.”

The awkward encounter was emblematic of widening gulf between two crucial East Asian neighbors, unable to settle age-old differences over past history, even as their security environment worsens with China’s territorial assertiveness and North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats.

But it was not just bilateral issues dividing them. Broadening US security ties with Japan is fueling resentment in South Korea that the US is eroding Seoul’s strategic options by beefing up Japan. The Oct. 3 US-Japanese agreement to revise their defense cooperation guidelines next year has raised the specter of Washington drastically strengthening Japan’s independent military capability. This prompts concerns in Seoul that Japan, an ancient foe, may assume greater responsibility for regional defense on behalf of the United States. South Korean analysts fear that their country might once again become the proverbial shrimp caught between two Asian whales — Japan and China.

Such a prospect evokes unpalatable memories of Japanese invasions, occupation and brutalities — smack in the face of nuclear threats from the North. Increased Japanese responsibility not only augurs negatively for Seoul’s independent strategic space but interferes with Seoul’s attempt to forge stronger ties with China and use Beijing’s leverage in containing North Korea’s nuclear capability.

The US is shifting more responsibility to South Korea, too.

During his four-day trip to Seoul for assessment of North Korea’s military capability, US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced a series of steps that would bolster the bilateral military alliance. His visit came against the backdrop of increasing US commitment for the defense of South Korea, which hosts 28,500 US troops. In their assessment of South Korean capability, Hagel and Korean Defense Minister Kim Kwan-jin came close to agreement on delaying the transfer of command authority of the combined forces to a Korean general in 2015. They also signed a new “strategic framework” authorizing what Korean officials described as “preemptive attack” on the North’s nuclear facility in the event of a nuclear or missile attack against the South.

Then, Hagel traveled to Tokyo on Oct. 3. Joined by US Secretary of State John Kerry, Hagel signed an agreement calling for revision of the US-Japan Defense Cooperation guidelines next year. The Obama administration did not consult Seoul on the decision to beef up the Japanese military capability. The angst in Seoul was exacerbated by the fact that the agreement came in the midst of the Abe government seeking what it called collective self-defense, which would allow Japan to consider an attack on its ally as attack on itself. That not only would make Japan a significant military force in the region, it would necessarily involve reinterpretation of Art. 9 of the Japanese constitution that prohibits its rearmament.

The new guidelines clearly target North Korea with its nuclear arms and missile launches. Although China wasn’t mentioned in the agreement, the guidelines suggest that China is becoming a new source of tension for Japan over territorial claims for nearby islets called Senkaku by Japan and Diaoyu by China.

The prospect of being sandwiched between a military superpower of China to the north and an unrepentant former colonial power, newly arming itself with help from the US, discomfits Seoul. The strategy also interferes with President Park’s policy of forging better relations with Beijing, which has considerable leverage over North Korea. At the same time, China is also a massive economic partner for South Korea, claiming a quarter of the country’s global trade volume.

In contrast to frosty relations with Tokyo, Chinese President Xi Jinping at APEC offered more assurance of China’s involvement in keeping North Korea under control. Meeting on the sidelines of the summit, Xi assured Park that China not only banned a long list of export items that the North could use for developing its nuclear weapons technology, he declared Beijing stood “resolutely” against another nuclear test by the North. Indeed, he promised, China will scrupulously adhere to the UN Security Council resolution keeping North Korea under strict sanctions.

In short, China is going an extra mile to woo South Korea, in the hope of keeping the latter neutral if not on its side in the current competition for influence in East Asia.

South Korea is disconcerted over the US policy of beefing up US-Japan alliance without regards to Seoul’s geopolitical interests. When Hagel met with Park on Oct. 1 and asked if it wasn’t time for Seoul to mend relations with Tokyo, Park is reported to have sharply responded: “I understand the importance of Korea-Japan relations, but it’s Japan that’s constantly rubbing salt to our wounds [of past history].”

The testy response notwithstanding, she has little choice. She cannot reject US or Japanese overtures at this stage unless Beijing takes full control of forcing Pyongyang to give up its nuclear arms. Nor is it wise for Seoul to try and keep Tokyo and Washington apart in the face of Beijing’s aggressive territorial stance. A good indication of this strategic dilemma was Seoul’s agreement to hold a trilateral military exercise in Korean waters this week involving the aircraft carrier USS George Washington and warships from Japan and South Korea.

For all that, the prospect of cobbling a strong trilateral alliance will not be smooth. Seoul is suspicious of Washington’s design of giving Japan a bigger role in the defense of East Asia. A lingering suspicion here is that Washington is building Japan as the next defense linchpin as the US faces steady cuts in defense spending. “The US is outsourcing its anti-China policy to Japan,” announced a front-page headline in the conservative Chosun Ilbo newspaper on Sunday shortly after Hagel’s Tokyo agreement.

South Korean officials are particularly unhappy over Hagel’s failure to notify them in advance about signing the defense guidelines in Tokyo. “The situation is really messy,” says Park Jin, former parliamentary foreign affairs committee chairman, commenting on Seoul’s dilemma. Instead of unilaterally beefing up Japan’s military capability, he thinks the US should have worked harder to bring Japan and South Korea closer by soothing old historical wounds. One straightforward apology on the issue of “comfort women” — women and girls forced into prostitution for Japanese troops during World War II — would go a long way to improve the bilateral situation, he says. “We were hoping President Obama to take up this role of an honest broker before [these] Tokyo guidelines,” said Park Jin. He was not alone in expressing the fear that the US is relinquishing its leadership role in the face of ongoing budgetary constraints.


Shim Jae-hoon is a Seoul-based journalist.

The Jakarta Globe

Meningkatnya rasa mosi tidak percaya dari Korea Selatan akan memperburuk langkah pivot in Asia Obummer karena memang kini sudah ada dilema baru antara meningkatnya kekhawatiran akan militerisasi Jepang (dimana US sengaja menjadikan Jepang sebagai deputi mereka di Asia Timur) yang tentu saja akan berbenturan dengan kepentingan dan aspirasi China disana, dengan isu sentral Korea Utara dengan program nuklirnya yang akan menempatkan Korea Selatan pada sebuah dilema dan mimpi buruk di masa lalu. Akankah Imjin war akan terulang kembali ? emoticon-Malu (S)
nich kraken bakal bikin asia timur lebih panas lagiemoticon-Berduka (S)

ga masalah china-jepang perang asal anime, manga, dan lightnovel amanemoticon-Kiss
Lebih condong ke politik kayaknya emoticon-Embarrassment
Disaat kraken berencana dilepas, hanya satu yang bsa dilakukan korea selatan, reunifikasi dengan korea utara emoticon-Big Grin
Sebagai catatan tambahan,

Dalam Gombal Faiya Powah 2012, posisi Korea Selatan bearada jauh diatas Jepang lho dalam urutan kekuatan Nasional mereka tapi faktanya Korea Selatan dan Utara sekaligus justru merasa lebih terancam dengan meningkatnya semangat militerisasi di Jepang ketimbang modernisasi militer China emoticon-Malu Tanya kenapa? emoticon-Malu
Quote:Original Posted By vortexc
Disaat kraken berencana dilepas, hanya satu yang bsa dilakukan korea selatan, reunifikasi dengan korea utara emoticon-Big Grin

ane benar2 ragu bakal terjadiemoticon-Ngakak

ongkos pembangunan korut lagi bakal menggoncang ekonomi korselemoticon-Kiss
Quote:Original Posted By Mistaravim
Lebih condong ke politik kayaknya emoticon-Embarrassment

Hmm, pembahasan politik militernya jauh lebih berasa strategis dan bisa diperbincangkan dengan akal sehat ketimbang semangat pembahasan Timor Leste dengan US di thread sebelah

Tapi tunggu keputusan yang lain saja deh emoticon-Malu
US releasing the Kraken, berarti US Davy Jones, trus Jack Sparrownya siapa emoticon-Hammer2
Quote:Original Posted By wahwibson

ane benar2 ragu bakal terjadiemoticon-Ngakak

ongkos pembangunan korut lagi bakal menggoncang ekonomi korselemoticon-Kiss

iya emang sih.. Kalo aja tuh jepang ga ada konflik ama korsel soal pulau sengketa, yang paling ketar ketir ya pasti Korut. Nah ini, di utara ada korut, timur jepang emoticon-Ngakak
Udah gitu tuh pulau katanya ada migasnya, siapa yg ga horny liat migas banyak emoticon-Ngakak

yg masih gw bingungin, kalo misalkan terjadi reunifikasi, tuh korea bakalan condong ke china ato ke barat ya (AS - Japan dalam hal ini) emoticon-Bingung (S)
Mungkin condong ke china kali yak, secara ga ada konflik apapun dgn china emoticon-Big Grin


Sudah Terlihat Perubahan Kebijakan Dari Seoul ,....Negara Pertama Yang DiKunjungi Park Geun-hye Sesudah Dilantik Sbg : Presiden Korsel ,....Kunjungan Kenegaraan Pertamanya Ke Beijing ,..Bukan Tokyo (Spt Tradisi Presiden2 Sebelumnya).
Quote:Original Posted By the.richest
Sudah Terlihat Perubahan Kebijakan Dari Seoul ,....Negara Pertama Yang DiKunjungi Park Geun-hye Sesudah Dilantik Sbg : Presiden Korsel ,....Kunjungan Kenegaraan Pertamanya Ke Beijing ,..Bukan Tokyo (Spt Tradisi Presiden2 Sebelumnya).

karena cina merupakan pasar terbesar ibdustri korsel..kalau jepang susah masukinpasarnya karena proteksinya sangat berat n industri jepang udah maju