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→ Nouns derivation from verbs
• Verb + ment
Advertise Advertisement
Impair Impairment
Impeach Impeachment
Impoverish Impoverishment
Improve Improvement
Commit Commitment
Abridge Abridgement
Abolish Abolishment
Abase Abasement
Agree Agreement
1. This is quite an improvement the old car.
2. They have reached an agreement.
• Verb + tion/ion.
Associate Association
Impress Impession
Icarnate Incarnation
Incarcerate Incarceration
Incubate Incubation
Indicate Indication
Inflate Inflation
Inflect Inflection
Instruct Instruction
Interpolate Interpolation
1. The rain made little impression on the drought.
2. His act according to my instruction.
• Verb + ence/ance
Obey Obedience
Infer Inference
Assure Assurance
Acquaint Acquaintance
Annoy Annoyance
Import Importance
Confide Confidence
Defer Deference
Allow Alowance
Appear Appearance
1. Can you give assurance that they will be there?
2. He has no confidence in himself.
• Verb + ation/cation/ition
Admire Admiration
Compete Competition
Compose Composition
Affirm Affirmation
Classify Classification
Accredit Accreditation
Confirm Confirmation
Emend Emendation
Impersonate Impersonation
Declare Declaration
1. Accreditation of our ambassador to Finland.
2. Japan declaration of war with Rusia.
• Verb + ure
Verb Noun
Seize Seizure
Close Closure
Rapt Rapture
Compose Composure
Creat Creature
Enclose Enclosure
Foreclose Foreclosure
Legislate Legislature
Expose Exposure
Sculpt Sculpture
1. They have a seizure by robber.
2. He dislikes public exposure of his deeds.
• Verb + age
Append Appendage
Cleave Cleavage
Break Breakage
Pilgrim Pilgrimage
Shrink Shrinkage
Pack Package
Wast Wastage
Miscarry Miscariage
Pilfer Pilferage
Store Storage
1. The cleavage between the two groups is unfortunate.
2. To place furniture in storage.
• Verb + al
Approve Approval
Avow Avowal
Betray Betrayal
Betroth Betrothal
Withdaw Withdrawal
Propose Proposal
Dismiss Dismissal
Remove Removal
Bury Burial
Deny Denial
1. He made avowal of his guilt.
2. You have my approval to go on the trip.
•Verb + er/r
Read Reader
Cook Cooker
Farm Farmer
Drive Driver
Teach Teacher
Read Reader
Drink Drinker
Eat Eater
Work Worker
Play Player
1. He is a good worker.
2. I am a clever teacher.

→ Noun derivation from adjectives: • Adjective + ness
Polite Politness
Clean Cleanness
Great Greatness
Fast Fastness
Bitter Bitterness
Bright Brightness
Coarse Coarseness
Conscious Consciousness
Awkward Awkwardness
Careless Carelessness
1. We must keep the cleanness of the room.
2. The bitterness of the medicine is different from another medicine.
• Adjective + ity
Authentic Authenticity
Avid Avidity
Artificial Artificiality
Eventual Eventuality
Individual Individuality
Practical Practicality
Inferior Inferiority
Legal Legality
National Nationality
Punctual Punctuality
1. The authenticity of this document is beyond question.
2. To question the legality of a decision.
• Adjective + cy
Excellent Excellency
Adjacent Adjacency
Consistent Consistency
Efficient Efficiency
Expedient Expedience
Cogent Cogency
Potent Potency
Deficient Deficiency
Frequent Frequency
Emergent Emergency
1. The cogency of his argument was impresive.
2. Consistency is a useful attribute.

→ Forming nouns from nouns: • Noun + ship
Citizen Citizenship
Author Authorship
Companion Companionship
Craftsman Craftsmanship
Hard Hardship
Member Membership
Owner Ownership
Partner Partnership
Relation Relationship
Scholar Scholarship
1. The membership vote against the proposal.
2. This store is under new ownership.
• Noun + hood
Boy Boyhood
Child Childhood
Father Fatherhood
Knight Knighthood
Sister Sisterhood
Nation Nationhood
Widow Widowhood
Man Manhood
Mother Motherhood
Priest Priesthood
1. His childhood isn’t happy.
2. Motherhood arise when childbearing.
• Noun + cy
Current Currency
Agen Agency
Democrat Democracy
Contingent Contingency
Sychopant Sychopancy
Ascendant Ascendancy
Bureaucrat Bureaucracy
Diplomat Diplomacy
Advocate Advocacy
Aristocrate Aristocracy
1. What is the currency of that country?
2. He works for an automobile agency.

→ Adjective can drive from Nouns: Noun + al
Behavior Behavioral
Clinic Clinical
Coast Coastal
Comic Comical
Condition Conditional
Continent Continental
Convention Conventional
Dimension Dimensional
Direction Directional
Emotion Emotional
1. His acceptance in a collage is conditional on his grades.
2. “Hello” is a conventional greeting among Americans.
• Noun + ful
Doubt Doubtful
Cheer Cheerful
Delight Delightful
Boast Boastful
Dread Dreadful
Fright Frightful
Gain Gainful
Glee Gleeful
Grace Graceful
Scorn Scornful
1. I am doubtful about the weather tomorrow.
2. He is scornful of those who fail.
• Noun + y
Luck Lucky
Silk Silky
Bulk Bulky
Crust Crusty
Fluff Fluffy
Frill Frilly
Gloom Gloomy
Gloss Gloosy
Glas Glassy
Silver Silvery
1. This is my lucky day.
2. This box is bulky.

• Nouns + ous
Advantage Advantageous
Covet Covetous
Fury Furious
Humor humorous
Courage Courageous
Adventure Adventurous
Portent Portentous
Envy Envious
Space Spacious
Study Studious
1. She tends to be covetous.
2. I was furious over on his attitudes
→ Adjective can derive from verb: •Verb + ive
Demonstrate Demonstrative
Express Expressive
Abort Abortive
Collect Collective
Interrogate Interrogative
Operate Operative
Possess Possessive
Execute Executive
Adopt Adoptive
Respect Respective
1. Her face was expressive of her feelings.
2. Perhaps our collective wisdom can resolve the problem.
• Verb + able
Accept Acceptable
Allow Allowable
Break Breakable
Enjoy Enjoyable
Eat Eatable
Respect Respectable
Predict Predictable
Attain Attainable
Advise Advisable
Rely Reliable
1. What is allowable under the new regulation?
2. That cheese is not eatable.
Well, it is extremely plentiful. However, if we train our English skill continuously I think they would be memorized without us memorizing it.