Buat yang pertama kali masuk ke trit ini pasti bertanya-tanya dalam hati dan gundah gulana (apaan sih ), Xenology itu sejenis monster, makanan, atau nama momod ya ?
This is it...
Spoiler for "Xenology adalah":
Xenology (from Greek language xenos = "foreign, guest" and λογος (logos) = "word") denotes research or information about foreign, alien, secret or generally unknown things. One who studies xenology is a xenologist.
Xenology merupakan cabang ilmu pengetahuan semu (pseudoscience) yang membahas tentang segala sesuatu yang aneh, sesuatu yang misterius yang tidak dibahas mendalam dalam bidang keilmuan lain.
Jadi pengetahuan apa aja yang termasuk Xenology?
Spoiler for "Pengetahuan dalam Xenology":
Pengetahuan yang menurut seseorang bertentangan dengan mainstream atau belum termasuk ke logika pengetahuan masa kini juga dapat dikategorikan Xenology. Hal-hal ganjil seperti Segitiga bermuda, OOParts, Alien-UFO, Peristiwa orang hilang secara misterius, dll juga dapat dikategorikan Xenology.
Original Posted By berwin►Xenology itu sebenarnya General...
Bisa lebih spesifik seperti Xenobiology.
Banyak orang salah kaprah bahwa Xenobiology itu adalah Astrobiology.
Astrobiology itu mencari kehidupan di luar angkasa sana, baik kehidupan makroskopis ato mikroskopis.
Xenobiology dilain sisi adalah mempelajari biologi yg gak masuk dalam cabang mainstream biology umum seperti Ancient Virus, Atmospheric organism, Extreme Lifeform.
Xenology itu meliputi semua cabang ilmu, ini sebenarnya adalah gray area dari cabang ilmu dan sangat tipis bedanya sama Pseudo-Science.
ada pertanyaan,,unek2,,atau hal yang pengen ditanyain silahkan kemari..
Thread Xenology ini terbuka untuk umum...gratiss Thread ini tentunya juga terbuka bagi siapapun yang meyakini suatu fenomena dalam Xenology itu eksis, ataupun yang tidak mengakuinya. Terkadang believer suatu fenomena juga membutuhkan penentang agar keduanya bisa berdiskusi yang sehat.
Spoiler for "Xenology = HOAX?":
Xenology bukan HOAX , justru disinilah fungsi Xenology sebagai "tempat sampah" pengetahuan-pengetahuan yang mungkin dianggap HOAX di bidang ilmu lain. Tugas mulia yang kita emban (ngarang ) untuk membuktikan apakah suatu fenomena benar2 HOAX ataukah sebuah unsolved phenomena. Salah satu kesalahan dari (beberapa) pengetahuan mainstream adalah terlalu yakin dengan aksioma dan postulat yang mereka anut tanpa melihat kemungkinan bahwa suatu saat ada hal lain atau hukum lain yang mungkin merombak bidang ilmu pengetahuan tersebut di masa depan.
Sebagai contoh, sebelum abad Renaissance pemahaman bahwa bumi itu bulat yang dikemukakan Ibnu Hazm (...-1069 M) dianggap HOAX atau omong kosong oleh sebagian masyarakat eropa dan peradaban lain. 400 tahun kemudian barulah sebagian masyarakat dunia (itupun belum semua) sepakat dan kebenaran terkuak bahwa teori yang dikemukakan Copernicus bahwa bumi itu bulat adalah benar.
Seandainya tidak ada orang yang berpikir out of the box (seperti kita2 ) mungkin kemajuan ilmu pengetahuan akan tersendat. Kita ga harus menjadi seorang Copernicus untuk membuktikan keanehan suatu fenomena, tetapi setidaknya pikiran kita terbuka untuk dimasuki oleh kemungkinan-kemungkinan lain diluar kemampuan ilmu pengetahuan saat ini.
Ilmu manusia itu hanyalah setetes dibandingkan seluruh air yang ada di lautan.
Feel Free to post
Spoiler for ga ngerti gan...topiknya aneh dan bikin bingung:
Original Posted By batal►saya ijin menyimak ya bro... keren2 bgt.. syg pengetahuan saya msh teramat cetek jd blm bisa share apa2..
santai aja gan...ga usah ngerasa terlalu inferior. kita disini pengetahuan juga ga luas2 banget...
ga harus share ilmu baru juga ga apa2...reply setahu dan semampunya juga tetap kita hargai kok
Original Posted By comen►akhirnya setelah 2 tahun baca isi nih thread hari ini selesai juga saya baca sampai post yang terakhir.
sebelum2nya saya ga berani langsung nge-post di thread ini cz saya belum selesai baca seluruhnya takutnya malah ntar OOT. padahal, banyak pertanyaan di kepala saya pada tiap topic yang ada di thread ini.
Kalo ada yang mau ditanyakan atau unek2 sampaikan aja gan.
Tapi terlebih dulu cek Index siapa tahu unek2 agan udah terjawab..
kalo masih bingung, silahkan isi Index diquote dan dihidupkan/ditanyakan kembali
Kalo pembaca thread menemukan Artikel menarik di Blog/Lounge mengenai Xenology...bisa dimuat/diposting disini untuk dibahas. Jangan lupa tambahkan beberapa opini pribadi atau tambahan comment...supaya enak untuk membuka diskusi..
RULES Internal Thread Xenology
1. sebisanya jgn one liner yah..
2. Kalo nemu artikel cantumin juga linknya ya
3. biasakan multiquote ya
4. Jangan posting emoticon doang...
5. jangan PI (udah kayak spectre Soccer Room aja nih )
6. No HOAX icon (only) without explanation
7. Boleh SARA
NB : yang ga boleh itu mendiskreditkan SARA
kalo ga boleh SARA, bingung juga nih.. tar ngebahas suku Maya, Inca juga ga boleh dong 8. ngikut peraturan Kaskus dan Forum Edu yang lain...
beberapa cerita tentang air bah yang diambil dari wikipedia.
gw pisah jadi beberapa bagian menurut wilayah
Spoiler for asia tengah:
Further information: Eridu Genesis
The earliest extant Flood myth is the fragmentary Sumerian Eridu Genesis, datable by its script to the 17th century BC.
The Sumerian myth tells how the god Enki warns Ziusudra (meaning "he saw life," in reference to the gift of immortality given him by the gods), of the gods' decision to destroy mankind in a flood - the passage describing why the gods have decided this is lost. Enki instructs Ziusudra (also known as Atrahasis) to build a large boat - the text describing the instructions is also lost. After which he is left to repopulate the earth, as in many other flood myths.
After a flood of seven days, Zi-ud-sura makes appropriate sacrifices and prostrations to An (sky-god) and Enlil (chief of the gods), and is given eternal life in Dilmun (the Sumerian Eden) by An and Enlil.
Babylonian (Epic of Gilgamesh)
In the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, toward the end of the He who saw the deep version by Sin-liqe-unninni, there are references to the great flood (tablet 11). This was a late addition to the Gilgamesh cycle, largely paraphrased or copied verbatim from the Epic of Atrahasis (see above).
The hero Gilgamesh, seeking immortality, searches out Utnapishtimin Dilmun, a kind of paradise on earth. Utnapishtim tells how Ea (equivalent of the Sumerian Enki) warned him of the gods' plan to destroy all life through a great flood and instructed him to build a vessel in which he could save his family, his friends, and his wealth and cattle. After the Deluge the gods repented their action and made Utnapishtim immortal.
Main article: Noah's Ark
rasanya utk mempersingkat, tidak usah dijelaskan tentang ini
Incarnation of Vishnu as a Fish, from a devotional text.
Matsya (Fish in Sanskrit) was the first Avatara of Vishnu.
According to the Matsya Purana and Shatapatha Brahmana (I-8, 1-6), the mantri to the king of pre-ancient Dravida, Satyavata who later becomes known as Manu was washing his hands in a river when a little fish swam into his hands and begged him to save its life. He put it in a jar, which it soon outgrew; he successively moved it to a tank, a river and then the ocean. The fish then warned him that a deluge would occur in a week that would destroy all life. Manu therefore built a boat which the fish towed to a mountaintop when the flood came, and thus he survived along with some "seeds of life" to re-establish life on earth. Hindu religious tradition holds the Bhagavata Purana to be one of the works of Vyasa written at the beginning of Kali Yuga (about c.3100 BCE) which pre-dates the Sumerian
Spoiler for asia timur:
In myths of the aboriginal tribes inhabiting the Andaman Islands people became remiss of the commands given to them at the creation. Puluga, the god creator, ceased to visit them and then without further warning sent a devastating flood. Only four people survived this flood: two men, Loralola and Poilola, and two women, Kalola and Rimalola. When they landed they found they had lost their fire and all living things had perished. Puluga then recreated the animals and plants but does not seem to have given any further instructions, nor did he return the fire to the survivors.
In Batak traditions, the earth rests on a giant snake, Naga-Padoha. One day, the snake tired of its burden and shook the Earth off into the sea. However, the God Batara-Guru saved his daughter by sending a mountain into the sea, and the entire human race descended from her. The Earth was later placed back onto the head of the snake.
According to the Australian aborigines, in the Dreamtime a huge frog drank all the water in the world and a drought swept across the land. (Tidalik - this story originates from the Murray-Darling riverina of New South Wales and Victoria. The Murray-Darling frequently experiences drought-flood cycles lasting up to years at a time, linked to El Niño/La Niña events in the Pacific) The only way to finish the drought was to make the frog laugh. Animals from all over Australia gathered together and one by one attempted to make the frog laugh. When finally the eel succeeded, the frog opened his sleepy eyes, his big body quivered, his face relaxed, and, at last, he burst into a laugh that sounded like rolling thunder. The water poured from his mouth in a flood. It filled the deepest rivers and covered the land. Only the highest mountain peaks were visible, like islands in the sea. Many men and animals were drowned. The pelican who was blackfellow at that time painted himself with white clay and went from island to island in a great canoe, rescuing other blackfellows. Since that time pelicans have been black and white in remembrance of the Great Flood.
There are many sources of flood myths in ancient Chinese literature. Some appear to refer to a worldwide deluge:
Shujing, or "Book of History", probably written around 700 BC or earlier, states in the opening chapters that Emperor Yao is facing the problem of flood waters that "reach to the Heavens". This is the backdrop for the intervention of the famous Da Yu, who succeeded in controlling the floods. He went on to found the first Chinese dynasty. The translator of the 1904 edition dated the Chinese deluge to 2348 B.C., calculating that this was the same year as the Biblical Flood. In fact, the Mideast Flood myth tradition (including the Biblical Flood) was erroneously linked to a flood mentioned in the Sumerian king list, which was actually dated to 2900 BC.
Shanhaijing, "Classic of the Mountain & Seas", ends with the Chinese ruler Da Yu spending ten years to control a deluge whose "floodwaters overflowed [to] heaven".
Shiji, Chuci, Liezi, Huainanzi, Shuowen Jiezi, Siku Quanshu, Songsi Dashu, and others, as well as many folk myths, all contain references to a personage named Nüwa. Nüwa is generally represented as a female (although not always) who repairs the broken heavens after a great flood or calamity, and repopulates the world with people. There are many versions of this myth.
The ancient Chinese civilization concentrated at the bank of Yellow River near present day Xian also believed that the severe flooding along the river bank was caused by dragons (representing gods) living in the river being angered by the mistakes of the people.
Spoiler for europe:
Greek mythology knows three floods. The flood of Ogyges, the flood of Deucalion and the flood of Dardanus, two of which ended two Ages of Man: the Ogygian Deluge ended the Silver Age, and the flood of Deucalion ended the First Bronze Age.
The Ogygian flood is so called because it occurred in the time of Ogyges, a mythical king of Attica. Ogyges is somewhat synonymous to "primeval", "primal", "earliest dawn". Others say he was founder and king of Thebes. In many traditions the Ogygian flood is said to have covered the whole world and was so devastating that Attica remained without kings until the reign of Cecrops.
Plato in his Laws, Book III, estimates that this flood occurred 10,000 years before his time. Also in Timaeus (22) and in Critias (111-112) he describes the "great deluge of all" happening 9,000 years before the time of Solon, during the 10th millennium BC. In addition, the texts report that "many great deluges have taken place during the nine thousand years" since Athens and Atlantis were preeminent.
The theory of the flood in the Aegean Basin, proposed that a great flood occurred at the end of the Late Pleistocene or beginning of the Holocene. The Holocene is a geological period that began approximately 11,550 calendar years BP (or about 9600 BC) and continues to the present. This flood would coincide with the end of the last ice age, estimated approximately 10,000 years ago, when the sea level rose as much as 130 metres, particularly during Meltwater pulse 1A when sea level rose by about 25 metres in some parts of the northern hemisphere over a period of less than 500 years.
These geological findings support the hypothesis that the Ogygian Deluge may well be based on a real event.
The Deucalion legend as told by Apollodorus in The Library has some similarity to Noah's Ark: Prometheus advised his son Deucalion to build a chest. All other men perished except for a few who escaped to high mountains. The mountains in Thessaly were parted, and all the world beyond the Isthmus and Peloponnese was overwhelmed. Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha, after floating in the chest for nine days and nights, landed on Parnassus. An older version of the story told by Hellanicus has Deucalion's "ark" landing on Mount Othrys in Thessaly. Another account has him landing on a peak, probably Phouka, in Argolis, later called Nemea. When the rains ceased, he sacrificed to Zeus. Then, at the bidding of Zeus, he threw stones behind him, and they became men, and the stones which Pyrrha threw became women. Appollodorus gives this as an etymology for Greek laos "people" as derived from laas "stone". The Megarians told that Megarus, son of Zeus, escaped Deucalion's flood by swimming to the top of Mount Gerania, guided by the cries of cranes.
This one has the same basic story line. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Dardanus left Pheneus in Arcadia to colonize a land in the North-East Aegean Sea. When the Dardanus' deluge occurred, the land was flooded and the mountain on which he and his family survived, formed the island of Samothrace. He left Samothrace on an inflated skin to the opposite shores of Asia Minor and settled at the foot of Mount Ida. Due to the fear of another flood they didn't build a city, but lived in the open for fifty years. His grandson Tros eventually built a city, which was named Troy after him.
In Norse mythology, there are two separate deluges. According to the Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson, the first occurred at the dawn of time before the world was formed. Ymir, the first giant, was killed by the god Odin and his brothers Vili and Ve, and when he fell, so much blood flowed from his wounds that it drowned almost the entire race of giants with the exception of the frost giant Bergelmir and his wife. They escaped in a ship and survived, becoming the progenitors of a new race of giants. Ymir's body was then used to form the earth while his blood became the sea.
The second, in the Norse mythological time cycle, is destined to occur in the future during the final battle between the gods and giants, known as Ragnarök. During this apocalyptic event, Jormungandr, the great World Serpent that lies beneath the sea surrounding Midgard, the realm of mortals, will rise up from the watery depths to join the conflict, resulting in a catastrophic flood that will drown the land. However, following Ragnarök the earth will be reborn and a new age of humanity will begin.
The mythologist Brian Branston noted the similarities between this myth and an incident described in the Anglo-Saxon epic poem Beowulf, which had traditionally been associated with the Biblical flood, so there may have been a corresponding incident in the broader Germanic mythology as well as in Anglo-Saxon mythology.
According to the apocryphal history of Ireland Lebor Gabála Érenn, the first inhabitants of Ireland led by Noah's granddaughter Cessair were all except one wiped out by a flood 40 days after reaching the island. Later, after Partholon's and Nemed's people reached the island, another flood rose and killed all but thirty of the inhabitants, who scattered across the world.
Spoiler for amerika:
There are several variants of the Aztec story, many of them are questionable in accuracy or authenticity.
When the Sun Age came, there had passed 400 years. Then came 200 years, then 76. Then all mankind was lost and drowned and turned to fishes. The water and the sky drew near each other. In a single day all was lost, and Four Flower consumed all that there was of our flesh. The very mountains were swallowed up in the flood, and the waters remained, lying tranquil during fifty and two springs. But before the flood began, Titlachahuan had warned the man Nota and his wife Nena, saying, 'Make no more pulque, but hollow a great cypress, into which you shall enter the month Tozoztli. The waters shall near the sky.' They entered, and when Titlacahuan had shut them in he said to the man, 'Thou shalt eat but a single ear of maize, and thy wife but one also'. And when they had each eaten one ear of maize, they prepared to go forth, for the water was tranquil.
— Ancient Aztec document Codex Chimalpopoca, translated by Abbé Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg.
In Inca mythology, Viracocha destroyed the giants with a Great Flood, and two people repopulated the earth. Uniquely, they survived in sealed caves. See Unu Pachakuti.
In Maya mythology, from the Popol Vuh, Part 1, Chapter 3, Huracan ("one-legged") was a wind and storm god who caused the Great Flood (of resin) after the first humans (made of wood) angered the gods (by being unable to worship them). He supposedly lived in the windy mists above the floodwaters and spoke the word "earth" until land came up again from the seas.
Later, in Part 3, Chapter 3&4, Four men & four women repopulate the Quiche world after the flood
all speaking the same language (but a confusing reference)
and gather together in the same location
where their speech is changed (affirmed several times)
after which they disperse throughout the world.-mirip cerita noah ark dan menara babel
Like many others, this account does not present an "Ark". A "Tower of Babel" depends upon the translation; some render the peoples arriving at a city, others, at a citadel.