Futbol Club Barcelona
L'equip blaugrana (team), Culers or Culés (supporters), Blaugranes or Azulgranas (supporters)
29 November 1899 (as Foot-Ball Club Barcelona)
Camp Nou, Barcelona (Capacity: 98,772)
Josep Maria Bartomeu (resigned)
On 22 october 1899, joan gamper placed an advert in los deportes declaring his wish to form a football club. A positive response resulted in a meeting at the gimnasio solé on november 29. Eleven players attended, walter wild, lluís d'ossó, bartomeu terradas, otto kunzle, otto maier, enric ducal, pere cabot, carles pujol, josep llobet, john parsons and william parsons. As a result foot-ball club barcelona was born. Several other spanish football clubs, most notably real madrid and athletic bilbao, also had british founders, and as a result they initially adopted english-style names.
Legend says that gamper was inspired to choose the club colours, blaugrana, by fc basel's crest. However, the other swiss teams gamper played for, his home canton of zürich, and merchant taylors' school in crosby, england have all been credited with or claimed to be the inspiration. Fc barcelona quickly emerged as one of the leading clubs in spain, competing in the campeonato de cataluña and the copa del rey. In 1902, the club won its first trophy, the copa macaya, and also played in the first copa del rey final, losing 21 to bizcaya.
In 1908, Joan Gamper became club president for the first time. Gamper took over the presidency as the club was on the verge of folding. The club had not won anything since the Campeonato de Cataluña of 1905 and its finances suffered as a result. Gamper was subsequently club president on five separate occasions between 1908 and 1925 and spent 25 years at the helm. One of his main achievements was to help Barça acquire its own stadium.
On March 14, 1909, the team moved into the Carrer Indústria, a stadium with a capacity of 8,000. Gamper also launched a campaign to recruit more club members and by 1922, the club had over 10,000. This led to the club moving again, this time to Las Cortes, which inaugurated in the same year. This stadium had an initial capacity of 22,000, later expanded to an impressive 60,000.
Gamper also recruited Jack Greenwell as manager. This saw the club's fortunes begin to improve on the field. During the Gamper era FC Barcelona won eleven Campeonato de Cataluña, six Copa del Rey and four Coupe de Pyrenées and enjoyed its first "golden age."
The slogan “more than a Club” expresses the commitment that Futbol Club Barcelona has maintained and still maintains beyond what belongs in the realm of sport. For many years, this commitment specifically referred to Catalan society, which for many decades of the 20th century lived under dictatorships that persecuted its language and culture. Under these circumstances, Barça always supported Catalan sentiments, and the defence of its own language and culture.
It was because of this,even though Catalan was not an official language, that in 1921 the club drafted its statutes in the language of Catalonia. It was also in this era that in 1918 the club adhered to a petition for a statute of autonomy for Catalonia, which was being demanded from all sectors of the catalanista movement.
The club’s position led to reprisals from the Spanish authorities and it was closed down for six months under the Primo de Rivera dictatorship. During the Second Spanish Republic, the club intensified its message of implication with Catalonia’s own culture and institutions. President Josep Suñol led this process using the slogan “sport and citizenship”, the purpose being to imply sports in the country’s social and cultural affairs.
Suñol, who was also a member of parliament, was shot dead early in the Spanish Civil War in 1936; and from then on, the Club came to be an icon of the defence of the Republic, as shown by the tour of Mexico and the United States in 1937. When the Civil War ended, General Franco’s dictatorship sought to destroy the club’s social significance.
It enforced the Spanish version of its name and the removal of the four Catalan stripes from the badge. Despite the dictatorship’s persistence, in the late 1960s the Club started recovering its former spirit, evident in the speeches of President Narcís de Carreras, the man who coined the famous phrase “more than a Club” in 1968. Outside of Catalonia, in many parts of Spain, Barça also became a symbol of democracy and anti-centralism. When democracy returned after the death of Franco, the Club maintained its social commitment and new ways of supporting good causes emerged, which would later be encompassed by the creation of the Club’s Foundation.
Now in the age of globalisation, Barça has extended its social commitment to the rest of the planet, with a specially significant event being the signing of an agreement with Unicef in 2006, which was a way of saying that a sports club should not be marginal to problems going on in society, in this case, the plight of children around the world. Because of this, Barça continues to be “more than a Club” both in Catalonia and elsewhere in the world, and is implied in numerous cultural, social and charity initiatives.
Below we take a look at the four of the defining traits of Futbol Club Barcelona.
CATALANISM: Since its very foundation, FC Barcelona has been intrinsically linked to its country, Catalonia, a commitment that comes from society as a whole and one that is understood by Barça fans in the rest of Spain and in the rest of the world. The Club firmly and strongly promotes Catalonia around the world. Barça supports an integrated, multicultural, fair and caring Catalonia.
UNIVERSALITY: When the Club anthem says ‘it does not matter where you come from’, it expresses the spirit of an institution open to everyone, that brings together fans from around the five continents and links them to a history in which half of the Club’s founders were from outside Catalonia. FC Barcelona has members and supporters’ clubs in more than 50 countries, from Cameroon to China, millions of fans come together to make Barça great.
SOCIAL COMMITMENT: Barça is an open club, one that brings people together and promotes positive values on a daily basis whether it be via its own Foundation, via agreements with international institutions such as UNICEF, or via collaborations with local organisations such as ‘Banc dels Aliments’. These projects are usually developed in areas such as educations, the arts and culture as well as in community support and developmental aid.
DEMOCRACY: The Club members are also its owners and they decide democratically who it is that ought to run FC Barcelona. The democratic principle is a fundamental pillar of the Club and it has only been neglected when dictatorships have intervened. Today Barça is one of the few big European clubs that is run democratically, another factor in its unique appeal.
Unlike other clubs, we do not scout the players to fit for a particular position. We are looking for technical excellence, spirit, mind-focusing and fast players. Barcelona players are capable of loving the club’s crest, uniform color too.
It is an important point more than money.
Barcelona B team coach Pep Guardiola with an experienced leader in the Barcelona player experience and highly tactical applications on the basis of international experience gained in Italy, his first full season in Barcelona, close to the matter was achieved. As a result, FC Barcelona won the league championship and the Copa cup and UEFA Champions League.
Barcelona coach, Guardiola, expressed pride of Johan Cruyff’s disciple and football Philosophy.
” Cruyff has that we need some way about whether football had a solid plan. He tells us how to carry the ball as fast as possible.
Players with the highest level of his skills were lifted. We are still dealing with the ball skills and know how to pass quickly the players are looking for”.
Barcelona’s soccer player of all learned the same way(first team to youth); the fans also hope a team like this game. “Attractive, efficient football”
Strong pressure and a quick counter-attack the opponent cannot play football as normal, making aiming their mistakes and loopholes, safe manner is an optimized way to victory.
However, a successful approach in Barcelona technical sophistication of the game of football to its maximum
Bring it up, you can feel the beauty in athletics in a manner that is in progress.
“Only the results of a large club are not the only thing they have to worry. Victory is not enough. Clubs should be beautiful football. “- Johan Cruyff (former Barcelona player, coach)
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