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All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3 - Part 6

All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3

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U.S. & Israel's Interest in War -- Investigating Genie Energy's Ties to Syrian Conflict

pingin damai katanya
nyatanya pingin minyak
Denger berita luar katanya HTS udah menguasai sebagian besar wilayah yg diduduki NLF/FSA di Idlib. Kalau FSA di Idlib udah dikalahkan bearti lampu hijau buat Damaskus buat operasi nyerang Idlib? Mengingat proxy Turki udah ga signifikan lagi di Idlib

still need to be trained
alias KOPLAK emoticon-Ngakak

beli barang tapi gak tau cara menggunakan

Untung saja Rusia dan Amerika Serikat pasang badan melawan ISIS di Suriah

Kalau gak udah diambil alih ISIS itu seluruh Suriah

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Mulai gigit majikan hahaha All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3 - Part 6
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Gas meledak itu, bukan serangan teror.

The Latest: Paris street is devastated by gas blast; 3 dead
Diubah oleh pafor2407

Ceasefire observation

As part of the implementation of the Memorandum on the establishment of de-escalation zones in the Syrian Arab Republic, signed by the Russian Federation, the Republic of Turkey and the Islamic Republic of Iran on 4 May 2017, control groups continue monitoring ceasefire compliance.

Over the last 24 hours, the Russian party of the Russia-Turkey Commission on violations of the Joint Agreement has registered 2 cases of firing in the provinces of Aleppo (1) and Latakia (1).

The Turkish side has registered 20 cases of ceasefire violations in the provinces of Hama (9), Idlib (5), Aleppo (4), Latakia (2).

Humanitarian aid provided for the Syrian population

Over the last 24 hours the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring has held thee humanitarian actions:

People of Hatlah, Deir ez-Zor province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.165 tons;
People of al-Istabl,al-Quneitra province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.165 tons;
People of al-Arimah, Aleppo province, received 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.165 tons, 140kg of gingerbread, 420 backpacks.
The total number of humanitarian actions – 2,040 with total weight of cargo – 3,214.713 tons.
Reconciliation of opposing sides

Over the last 24 hours, no ceasefire agreements have been signed.

Total number of settlements that had signed reconciliation agreements is 2,518.

The number of armed formations, which have claimed to observe the ceasefire regime, is 234.

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,412 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 498 people (150 women and 253 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 914 people (274 women and 466 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 95,636 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

40,664 refugees have left Lebanon (12,324 women and 20,660 children), with 24,097 of them – via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 9,533 via Talkalakh;
54,972 people (16,517 women and 28,021 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,676,636 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,991 women and 3,405,084 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,337,088 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey – 3,622,366, Lebanon – 950,334, Jordan – 671,148, Germany – 534,011, Iraq – 251,793, Egypt – 132,553, Netherlands – 74,998, Austria – 42,505, Denmark – 17,995, Greece – 13,139 , Switzerland – 6,702, Cyprus – 5,899, Belgium – 3,982, Italy – 3,836, Romania – 3,101, Spain – 2,352, Ireland – 1,729, Malta – 1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina – 1,630, Poland – 1,069, Argentina – 1,496, Luxembourg – 663, Croatia – 530, Slovenia – 460, Iceland – 197, Bulgaria – 180, Hungary – 51, Slovakia – 43, Czech Republic – 39, Latvia – 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria – 68, Argentina – 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 324,916 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (97,499 women, 165,603 children).

Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 173 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) – 30 people (10 women and 11 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 138,432 people (41,681 women, 68,809 children);
143 people (women – 47, children – 57) and 14 vehicles returned back to the places of permanent residence in Homs, Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.
Since August 25, 2018, in total, 32,798 people (women – 11,138 children 15,234), 1,760 vehicles and 2,217 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,270,2754 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (383,303 women, 644,676 children). Since January 1, 2019, 2,158 IDPs (744 women, 910 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Hamouriyah – two, Damascus province, Sheikh-Said – two, Aleppo province, Osman – three, Daraa province) and a school in Ayra (al-Suwayda province) and a water pump station in al-Bsera (Deir ez-Zor province).

In Adra (Damascus province), the SIAMKO joint Syrian-Iranian automobile plant resumed its work with a capacity of up to 40 cars per day.

The electricity supply has been fully restored in Trunzha, al-Quneitra province.

They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Quseiba (al-Quneitra province) and Hama. In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Qiseiba – a tractor, a dump truck, 23 windows, 15 cu m of brick, 16 cu m of cement, 12 tons of building bars, 1,000kg of lime and filling, 1,150m of water pipes, 2,560m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses, a power station and a bakery;

Hama – a excavator, a dump truck, 28 windows, 16 cu m of bricks, 17 cu m of cement, 14 tons of building bars, 1,300kg of lime and filling, 1,100m of water pipes, 2,500m of electric cables, to overhaul seven houses and power supply station.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

719 medical and 132 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;
five road bridges and 969 km of roads were recovered (1 km – over the past day);
887km of power line have been installed (1 km – over the past day);
568 power substations, 117 water supply facilities (two over the past day), 134 bakeries, 14,252 industrial enterprises (one over the past day) have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,155 houses, 212 schools, 184 kindergartens, 200 bakeries, 236 water pump stations, 210 power substations, 184 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

The Kadyrov Regional Public Fund distributed a ton of bread in Yarmouk, Damascus province.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,037 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,208.22 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Ninteen civilians including 14 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 104,085 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Ein-Zat, Talbiseh (Homs province).
21,9 ha of the territory. They found and defused 34 explosive devices.

In total: 1,468.7ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 260km of roads. They found and defused 17,597 explosive devices including 5,392 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.


At the late hours of January 12, a unit of the Syrian Military Intelligence carried out a security operation in the town of Ayn Firkha in the countryside of the southern governorate of al-Quneitra.

Two suspects, Khalid Diab and Ali Diab, were arrested during the operation. Some Syrian opposition activists claimed that Syrian agents killed a civilian also. However, the pro-opposition Orient TV said that the agents shoot and injured a third suspect.

Such operations are usually carried out against members of terrorist groups, like ISIS and Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), or against local operatives of the Israeli intelligence. Prior to its liberation earlier this year, Ayn Firkha and many other towns in southern Syria were full of radicals and Israeli spies, according to pro-government sources.

Last month, the Syrian intelligence made a significant achievement when it managed to hunt down prominent al-Qaeda commander Ayad al-Tubasi while he was plotting to launch an insurgency in southern Syria. The infamous terrorist was a brother-in-law of slain al-Qaeda leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.

The Syrian intelligence efforts achieved an acceptable level of security in southern Syria. However, local observers argue that more should be done, especially when it comes to cooperation with the locals.

mumpung rumah baru ningalin absen
nunut ngiup gan... ada yg di Smrg? kopdar kapan2
kyknya solusi paling ampuh itu deal2an Turki ama Russia : mindahin semua proxy Turki para mujahilin di Idlib FSA utk memerangi Kurdeng di Manjib jadi pasukan Turki ga usah ikut nyerang, dan Russia setuju dengan syarat jihadis2 ekstrim di Idlib gantian di sapu bersih ama SAA... udah beres happy ending... Turki rekonsiliasi ama Assad kyk negara2 Arab yg mau buka kembali Dubes mereka ke Damaskus... kita tinggal ngopi2...

Syiah akan mengambil alih Suriah
Lagi-lagi Sunni akan terusir seperti sunni yg terusir dari Irak

apakah Sunni akan membiarkan itu terjadi??

ISIS pasti tidak akan tinggal diam sebagai Barisan terdepan melawan Syiah di Timur Tengah

Menyimak...teruskan update nya gan ..

Banyak sekali berita2 berseliweran soal situasi di Suriah Utara tapi sulit dicari mana yang benar. Seperti yang ane jelaskan sebelumnya, sekarang kebanyakan pada lagi perang informasi untuk menekan lawan masing2 pihak. Cek:

"Soo many surprises in northern Syria they will change many things in the regional situation and in the political process, what are you hearing in the media is different from what is being prepared" - Sargon is a journalist in RT, well-connected in both Moscow and Damascus.

Update Suriah

Kelanjutan saling gigit mujahilin Idlib:

In the days following Ahrar al-Sham's decision to dissolve itself in the S Idlib/N Hama area, HTS have been entering the lands of Mount Shashabo, the Ghab Plain, and Qalaat al Madiq and taking over the checkpoints. The handover is now said to be completed.

All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3 - Part 6


Kamp pengungsian Rukban nih, di wilayah okupasi AS Al-Tanf. AS merekrut mujahilin bekingannya di kamp ini:

Syrian woman sets herself and children on fire in Rukban camp

All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3 - Part 6
A handout photo shows SARC personnel conducting a vaccination campaign to immunise children against measles, polio and hepatitis at Rukban Camp near the Jordanian border, south-east Syria. EPA

A woman trapped in a remote Syrian displacement camp set herself and her children on fire on Sunday in an attempted suicide which her husband said was due to dire living conditions and lack of food.

Rukban camp, described by those living there as a “hell on earth”, is home to nearly 60,000 civilians who are stuck in an isolated area of the Syrian desert near the Jordanian border. They are unable to cross over to Jordan, which barred entry, and aid agencies are unable to reach the settlement regularly.

“Sundus Fatahallah, 28, attempted to burn herself and her children with fire because of the lack of food supplies at the camp,” her husband Mohammed Al Sharkh told The National.

“We are originally from Palmyra in Homs province, and what happened to my family today is example of desperation, poverty and famine,” he said, adding that he is “exhausted” from the situation.

A health official inside the camp told The National that Mrs Fatahallah was transferred to a hospital in Jordan.

“Sundus is in a bad condition along with her one-year-old baby, her other two children are doing well,” said the official.

Earlier on Sunday, conflicting reports emerged that Mrs Fatahallah’s injuries were the result of a gas canister explosion rather than an attempted suicide. However, Mr Al Sharkh confirmed that she had in fact tried to take her life and those of her children.

Mrs Fatahallah’s neighbours managed to put out the fire, which damaged her tent, and to get the woman and her children out.

The camp remains the most desperate settlement in the war-torn country, residents say the conditions, especially during the winter, are unbearable due to harsh environments. The camp recently flooded, washing away tents and possessions and leaving some families sheltering with other residents.

Humanitarian organizations and the United Nations have had only limited access to the Rukban camp in the berm between Jordan and Syria since its formation. The last time aid was delivered to the area was in November. Even then, residents said that aid deliveries were not enough to meet demand.

Conditions inside Rukban continue to deteriorate as aid agencies struggle to send relief to the area. Water pollution, high temperatures, unsafe human waste disposal and garbage accumulation have led to major health issues. UNHCR says diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections are the camp’s leading causes of illness.

Residents of the camp have been forced from their homes in Palymra and Homs by the war and many fled President Bashar Al Assad’s regime and ISIS.

Last year at least 20 people died due to lack of food and medical services inside the camp.

The camp has been protected by a US deconfliction zone established around a nearby garrison in the town of Al Tanf, where US forces operate alongside Pentagon-backed rebel groups, including the Maghawir Al Thawra battalion.

Yet, the surprise announcement of a US withdrawal from Syria has left many fearing attacks by government forces.

The camp’s management has urged world leaders, including President Donald Trump, French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Theresa May, to ensure the safety of residents by organising to relocate the camp to rebel-held areas in northern Syria.


Koordinasi pemerintah AS gimana sih? Masing2 gini. Bolton mending lamar jadi capres aja deh... emoticon-Ngakak


Looks like #Bolton was trying to steer #Trump toward a strike against Iran in September. Fortunately neither Trump nor the Pentagon were interested. Time for Bolton to go -- before he and Netanyahu do something to blow up the #SyriaWithdrawal.

Latest news yg gw baca, Trump vows to attack Turkey economically if it attacks the Kurds..


Turki bodo amat dengan ancaman Trump, responnya aja telat. Yang ada justru ancaman ini malah makin mendekatkan Turki dengan musuh bebuyutan AS yaitu Rusia dan Iran.

ANKARA - Turki menegaskan tidak takut dengan ancaman yang dilontarkan oleh Presiden Amerika Serikat (AS), Donald Trump. Sebelumnya, Trump mengancam untuk menargetkan ekonomi Turki, jika Ankara menyerang pasukan Kurdi Suriah, di tengah penarikan pasukan Washington dari Suriah.

"Kami telah berulang kali mengatakan bahwa kami tidak pernah takut akan ancaman. Mengancam Turki secara ekonomi tidak akan membawa Anda ke mana-mana," kata Menteri Luar Negeri Turki, Mevlut Cavusoglu.

Dia kemudian melemparkan kritikan terhadap cara komunikasi Trump, yang lebih senang menyampaikan sesuatu melalui Twitter, dibandingkan menyampaikanya secara langsung kepada pihak yang bersangkutan.

"Mitra strategis tidak boleh berkomunikasi melalui media sosial," ungkap Cavusoglu dalam sebuah pernyataan, seperti dilansir Anadolu Agency pada Senin (14/1).

Sebelumnya diwartakan, melalui akun Twitternya, Trump memperingatkan Ankara agar tidak melihat penarikan pasukan AS dari Suriah sebagai kesempatan untuk melakukan kampanye militer apa pun terhadap pasukan Kurdi Suriah.

"Akan menghancurkan Turki secara ekonomi jika mereka menghantam bangsa Kurdi," ancam Trump dan mendesak Ankara untuk menciptakan zona aman 20 mil.

Sementara itu, juru bicara Kepresidenan Turki, Ibrahim Kalin menuturkan, Trump telah membuat kesalahan dengan menyamakan warga Kurdi denga milisi Kurdi baik itu YPG atau PYD, yang dimata Ankara adalah kepanjangan dari PKK, kelompok yang masuk dalam daftar hitam teroris di Turki.

Dia menegaskan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan antara ISIS, PKK, atau PYD/YPG dan bersumpah bahwa Turki akan melanjutkan perjuangannya melawan kelompok-kelompok teror ini.

"Presiden Donald Trump, teroris tidak bisa menjadi mitra dan sekutu Anda. Turki mengharapkan AS menghormati kemitraan strategis dan tidak ingin negara itu dibayangi propaganda teroris," ucapnya.

Airlines Of UAE, Oman, Bahrain Preparing To Resume Flights To Damascus

The airlines of UAE ,Oman and Bahrain are preparing to resume direct air traffic with the Syrian capital of Damascus, Shafa al-Nouri, director general of Syrian Air, which manages Damascus International Airport, said Saturday.

“A delegation of Oman Air visited Damascus International Airport on Thursday and inspected its technical condition as a preparation for the resumption of flights to the Syrian capital,” al-Nouri told the SANA news agency.

Bahraini airline Gulf Air and the UAE-based Etihad applied to the Syrian side with a similar proposal, she noted.

Al-Nouri stressed that these checks would be held in the framework of preparations for the resumption of air traffic with Damascus.

At the moment, flights to the United Arab Emirates from Damascus are operated by Syrian Air and private Syrian airline Cham Wings. Syrian Air has also launched flights to Bahrain. Oman can only be reached from Damascus with a transfer in the United Arab Emirates.

In December, the United Arab Emirates reopened an embassy in Damascus after a six-year hiatus. Bahrain and Kuwait are expected to reopen their embassies in Syria soon, too.

emoticon-Ultah emoticon-Ultah emoticon-Ultah
Intelligence Chief of the Saudi-backed government of Yemen, died after Ansar Allah UAV attack on the Al Anad military base in Lahij.

Islamic World News Analysis Group: The resigned government of Mansour Hadi’s intelligence chief, Brigadier General Saleh Tammah, died on Sunday, three days after being injured in a Ansar Allah drone attack on the country’s largest airbase.

With the funeral of Brigadier General Saleh Tammah, the intelligence chief of Mansour Hadi’s government today, Ansar Allah’s claim about the death and injury of the several senior military officials of Mansour Hadi’s government during the Qasef 2-K UAV attack on Al Anad base turned out to be true.

Mohammad Saleh Tammah was the former commander of the Southern Movement (Al Hirak) and anti-Ansar Allah, who was appointed as head of intelligence by Mansour Hadi last year.

Also among the wounded were Yemen’s deputy chief of staff Saleh Al Zandani, senior army commander Fadel Hasan and Lahij governor Ahmad Abdullah Al Turki.

Saleh Al Zandani and Abdullah Al Turki, due to the severity of injuries were taken to Saudi Arabia for treatment.

The recent UAV attack of Ansar Allah to Al Anad military base is the beginning of a shift in aerial warfare towards the positions of the Coalition and the Saudi-backed forces, which could change the course of the war in the future.
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suicide drone ,meleduk diatas tp bisa membunuh beberapa jenderal


Diubah oleh albetbengal
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hmeh.... demi seni alasannya...
entar kalau ada sesuatu macam gini dibuat ttg Holocaust "demi seni" gimana ni...? emoticon-Roll Eyes (Sarcastic)


yang support sungguhan Turki selama ini sepertinya cuma Qatar ya, dg Rusia & Iran masih byk kepentingan yg beda sepertinya


ane di semarang gan emoticon-Smilie


Syiah & Sunni silahkan kelahi di Timteng.
Di Asia Tenggara entar yg muncul Mu'tazilah atau kelompok macem Ikhwan as Shafa emoticon-Shutup
Diubah oleh kreator.9.ES
Bagaimana Inggris melakukan konspirasi terhadap Suriah? (Udah gagal malah jadi bumerang lagi berupa krisis imigran). emoticon-Ngakak

Banyak detail2 menarik ditulisannya. Klik sumbernya untuk melihat darimana penulis dapat datanya.

Starting just months after the 2011 uprising, UK policy has helped to prolong and radicalise Syria’s devastating war

All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3 - Part 6

Some commentators in the British mainstream media believe the UK has "done nothing" in the war in Syria and lament the failure to help stop it.

In fact, Britain has engaged in a covert operation with allies to overthrow President Bashar al-Assad for more than six years, and this policy has helped prolong and radicalise the terrible war. It is British action, not inaction, that is the biggest problem with government policy towards Syria. The full story of this covert operation may take years to emerge, but some elements of it can already be pieced together.

Deepening control of the Middle East

UK covert operations appear to have begun in late 2011, a few months after popular demonstrations started challenging the Syrian regime in March of that year. Already repressive, Assad's regime resorted to violence to try to quell the protests, routinely firing into crowds, detaining thousands and subjecting many to torture.

As the number of dead at the hands of the regime mounted, so did opposition to it. The UK and its allies spotted an opportunity, which they had long been looking for, to remove an independent, nationalist regime in the region and deepen their overall control of the Middle East.


Qatar began shipping arms to opposition groups in Syria with US approval in spring 2011, and within weeks, the Obama administration was receiving reports that they were going to militant groups. By November, former CIA officer Philip Giraldi wrote that "unmarked NATO warplanes" were arriving in Turkey, delivering weapons and 600 fighters from Libya in support of the Free Syrian Army (FSA), a group of Syrian army deserters.

Britain's MI6 and French special forces were reportedly assisting the Syrian fighters and assessing their training, weapons and communications needs while the CIA provided communications equipment and intelligence.

Thus, David Cameron's government began covert action in Syria while having just overthrown Muammar Gaddafi in Libya, also working alongside Islamists. Some of the Libyan militants joining the Syrian insurgency were reportedly trained by British, French or US forces in Libya to fight Gaddafi. Some would later join the Islamic State (IS) or al-Qaeda's affiliate in Syria, al-Nusra, which became the most powerful Syrian rebel group.

The 'rat line' of weapons

Britain became involved in the "rat line" of weapons delivered from Libya to Syria via southern Turkey, which was authorised in early 2012 following a secret agreement between the US and Turkey. Revealed by journalist Seymour Hersh, the project was funded by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar while "the CIA, with the support of MI6, was responsible for getting arms from Gaddafi’s arsenals into Syria".

The operation was not disclosed to US congressional intelligence committees as required by US law, and "the involvement of MI6 enabled the CIA to evade the law by classifying the mission as a liaison operation".

Hersh noted that "many of those in Syria who ultimately received the weapons were jihadists", some affiliated with al-Qaeda. Indeed, it is believed that Qatar – which was the UK's key ally in overthrowing Gaddafi and was now repeating its role in Syria – was pouring weapons and cash into Nusra. The Telegraph reported on a Middle Eastern diplomat saying that Qatar is responsible for Nusra "having money and weapons and everything they need".

All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3 - Part 6
Protesters carry placards as they demonstrate against the UK’s military involvement in Syria, outside the Houses of Parliament in central London, on 16 April 2018 (AFP)

In 2012, the British military drew up plans to form a 100,000-strong Syrian rebel army of "moderates" to overthrow Assad, which would march on Damascus under Western and Gulf air cover. Cameron was told that this "extract, equip, train” initiative would take a year to develop, but Britain's National Security Council rejected the idea as too risky.

However, the US plan that emerged in 2013 to train a large force of Syrian rebels was described as an "echo" of this British plan.

British training of rebels to fight Assad at bases in Jordan was authorised around this time, and special forces operating from there were reported to be "likely" slipping into Syria on missions. By August 2012, Britain's military and intelligence base in Cyprus was also passing on intelligence to the FSA through Turkey, while Britain provided rebel groups with satellite phones to coordinate military operations.

The Foreign Office was also “teaching negotiation and ‘stabilisation’ skills to opposition leaders, and advising on how to address the Syrian people and international audiences”.

Arms funnelled to hardline groups

It was reported that the US was fully aware that most of the arms being provided by its Saudi and Qatari allies were going to "hard-line Islamic jihadists, and not the more secular opposition groups". Yet US and British involvement in the war expanded further in November 2012 when, at a conference in Qatar of the so-called "Friends of Syria" group of countries opposed to Assad, Britain announced it was seeking to organise the armed Syrian rebels into an "efficient fighting force".

Foreign Secretary William Hague planned to establish an interim government in northern Syria and to make Syria’s opposition forces "come together" on the ground, with the aim of toppling Assad.

Two days later, Britain's chief of the defence staff, General David Richards, convened a meeting in London to further arm the opposition. Soon afterwards, the US coordinated an airlift of 3,000 tonnes of arms to the FSA from Croatia with the help of Britain and other European states, paid for by Saudi Arabia.

Lord Ashdown, the former Liberal Democrat leader, later said this massive quantity of arms ended up going "almost exclusively to the more jihadist groups". Nusra and another hardline Islamist group, Ahrar al-Sham, secured some of the weapons being supplied to the FSA, while others inadvertently made their way to IS fighters in neighbouring Iraq.

Britain was intimately involved in Obama's "Timber Sycamore" programme launched in April 2013, which became the major US operation to furnish arms and training to supposedly "vetted" Syrian opposition groups. The control rooms in Turkey and Jordan, manned by intelligence officers from the US, Britain, Turkey, France, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, supplied anti-tank missiles and rockets to various opposition groups.

Again, many weapons found their way to IS and al-Qaeda, sometimes being traded on the black market. The US pumped more than $1bn into Timber Sycamore, which was only shut down by President Donald Trump in 2017.

A 'press office' for the FSA

In Autumn 2013, Britain began a major refocus of its campaign to support the Syrian opposition, known to be dominated and driven by extremists and jihadists. The Guardian revealed it was spending £2.4m ($3.3m) for private contractors to deliver "strategic communications and media operations support to the Syrian moderate armed opposition", in what was described as Britain running a "Free Syrian Army press office".

Jaish al-Islam (Army of Islam), a newly formed coalition of around 50 Islamist factions funded by Saudi Arabia, was one of the groups considered by Britain to be part of the “moderate armed opposition”.

Later that year, British and US envoys secretly met leaders of some Syrian Islamist opposition groups in Ankara, reportedly in an attempt to forge a new alliance among them. The Telegraph noted that the talks included "militant groups demanding a hardline Sharia state, as the secular forces they previously backed lose ground".


It is not clear which militant groups British officials met, but a new coalition, the Islamic Front, emerged around this time, and included Jaish al-Islam and Ahrar al-Sham. The latter had regularly worked with Nusra and IS until January 2014. Ahrar al-Sham's co-founder, Abu Khalid al-Suri, was al-Qaeda’s representative in Syria before being killed in February 2014, and he was linked to the 2004 Madrid bombing through a series of money transfers and personal contacts.

British and US covert operations were entirely focused on toppling Assad in the early years of the war. The US began air strikes against IS in Syria in September 2014. I have found no evidence of British training of Syrian rebels to fight IS before May 2015, when Britain sent 85 troops to Turkey and Jordan to train rebels to fight Assad as well.

By July 2015, Britain was training Syrians in Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Jordan and Qatar to fight IS, but the war against Assad also continued.

The myth of the moderate opposition

British operations in Syria with its allies have for years involved working alongside extremist and jihadist groups, in effect supporting and empowering them. Peter Ford, the former British ambassador to Syria, told a parliamentary enquiry in 2016 that the existence of "moderate" groups among the armed opposition was "largely a figment of the imagination".

Although the FSA contained some secular units, it was in effect allied to IS until the end of 2013 and was collaborating with it on the battlefield until 2014, despite tensions between the groups. "We have good relations with our brothers in the FSA," IS leader Abu Atheer said in 2013, having bought arms from the FSA.

The UK-supported rebels had an even closer relationship with Nusra. The BBC's Paul Wood reported in 2013 that "the FSA is so close to Nusra it has almost fused with it". The FSA has collaborated regularly with Nusra throughout the conflict.

In 2015, a court case collapsed at the Old Bailey against a Swedish national, Bherlin Gildo, accused of attending a terrorist training camp to fight in Syria, when it became clear that British intelligence agencies were supporting the same opposition groups as he was. British media reported that Gildo was fighting either with Nusra or a linked jihadist group, the Kataib al-Muhajireen.

Yet it was not clear whether Britain was actually supporting this particular group; it is more likely that the case collapsed since Britain was supporting the armed opposition in the form of the FSA, and these forces were largely indistinguishable from jihadist groups joined by the likes of Gildo.

Britain is unlikely to have directly armed or trained jihadist groups in Syria, but its covert war has continued in the certainty that these groups benefit from its policies. Former MI6 officer Alastair Crooke noted that: "The West does not actually hand the weapons to al-Qaeda, let alone ISIS, but the system that they have constructed leads precisely to that end." The arms supplied to the FSA were "understood to be a sort of Walmart from which the more radical groups would be able to take their weapons and pursue the jihad".

The attempt to "vet" groups before they receive Western aid has been a recognition of the dominant role played by extremist groups in the opposition - but the policy has been largely meaningless. Britain's covert operation has been part of a massive programme in which Saudi Arabia has spent "several billion" dollars and Qatar $3bn funding mostly hardline, extremist groups.

Misleading parliamentarians

In 2017, the British government revealed that it spent £199m ($277m) since 2015 supporting the "moderate opposition" opposed to Assad and IS.

This support included "communications, medical and logistics equipment” and training journalists to develop "an independent Syrian media". But details of more recent UK covert operations remain murky, and few recent media reports have uncovered the UK role.

The government is now providing misleading responses to parliamentary questions. Last week, it failed to answer a question by Labour MP Lloyd Russell-Moyle, asking which armed groups the UK had trained since 2012; it inferred it had only been training groups since 2016 fighting IS.

In response to another parliamentary question last month asking how many troops Britain currently has in Syria, the government also suspiciously failed to specify, saying only that it has 600 personnel deployed across the Middle East, again just fighting IS.

Meanwhile, the British government continues to argue that the "main opposition armed groups on the ground" in Syria "are not terrorists", but support a negotiated political settlement of the crisis.

British policy, together with its allies, has contributed to the suffering of Syrians and has in no way been motivated by their plight. It has also contributed to the terrorist threat at home.

Hundreds of Britons, including jihadists working with the most violent groups, are believed to have been trained in Syria and encouraged to return to the UK to launch attacks. Britain's active, warmongering policy on Syria is a disaster for the people of that country and the UK.

Konspirasi CIA terhadap Suriah sejak 1986:

Ya, gagal juga sih... emoticon-Ngakak

Tapi coba cek bagaimana CIA melakukan taktik adu domba sektarian sunni-syiah, sunni-alawite (nusyairi, dkk terserah mau pakai ejekan apapun) yang sampai sekarang terus dipakai oleh kaum munafik. emoticon-Embarrassment

“In most instances the regime would have the resources to crush a Sunni opposition movement but we believe widespread violence among populace could stimulate large numbers of Sunni officers & conscripts to desert or mutiny, setting the stage for civil war”

1. CIA Memo 1986:

"We judge that U.S. interests in #Syria probably would be best served by a Sunni regime as it may well include relative moderates interested in securing western aid and investment. Such a regime would probably be less inclined to escalate tensions with #Israel"

2. CIA Memo 1986:

"The economy is #Syria 's most pressing internal problem, and hopes for near-term improvement are dim. The US Embassy reports that the vast majority of Syrians are finding it increasingly difficult to afford basic necessities"

3. CIA Memo 1986:

On Syrian involvement in #Lebanon, "we believe Assad is "determined to achieve Syrian hegemony in order to check #Israel 's influence and prevent Lebanon from becoming a base for subversion against #Syria"
(Pokoknya semua demi negara yahudi... emoticon-Najis )

4. CIA Memo 1986:

#Syria is the centerpiece of Moscow's influence in the Middle East. Moscow thus has a vested interest in major policy shifts or changes in Syrian leadership. In spite of his dependence on Soviet military aid, Assad has remained wary of excessive Soviet influence"

5.CIA Memo 1986:

"Sunnis make up 60% of Syrian officer corp. We believe that a renewal of communal violence between Alawis and Sunnis could inspire Sunnis in the military to turn against the regime"

6. CIA Memo 1986:

"Rivalries among Alawi clans & tribes exist; should a power struggle develop in the military or the Govt among Alawi elites, we believe factions based on clans or tribal loyalties could form"

7. CIA Memo 1986:

"Although the Muslim Brotherhood's suppression drastically reduced armed dissidence, we judge significant potential still exists for another Sunni opposition movement"

8. CIA Memo 1986:
Since Assad crushed the MB, deep-seated tensions remain--keeping alive the potential for minor incidents to grow into major flareups of communal violence. For example, disgruntlement over price hikes, altercations between Sunni citizens and security forces
(Ikhwanul Muslimin koar2 anti-kafir tapi dari dulu selalu saja jadi perpanjangan tangannya orang kafir yang sok2an dibencinya... emoticon-Najis )

9. CIA Memo 1986:

"Excessive Govt force in quelling disturbances might be seen by Sunnis as evidence of Govt vendetta against all Sunnis, precipitating even larger protests by other Sunni groups. Sunni merchants & artisans probably would launch protests"

10. CIA Memo 1986:

"Mistaking the new protests as a resurgence of the Muslim Brotherhood, the Govt would step up its use of force and launch violent attacks on a broad spectrum of Sunni community leaders as well as those engaged in protests"

11, CIA Memo 1986:

Attacks on Sunni civilians might prompt large numbers of Sunni officers/conscripts to desert or to stage mutinies in support of dissidents, and #Iraq might supply them with sufficient weapons to launch a civil war"

12, CIA Memo 1986:

"Many Sunnis resent the Soviets because they are closely identified with Alawi dominance and Sunnis would be especially hostile towards the Soviets if they had supported Alawis with military equipment and advisors in a civil war"

13. CIA Memo 1986:

US interests would be best served by a Sunni regime controlled by business-oriented moderate. Although such Govt would give some support to Arab causes, this group's preoccupation with Eco development would give Sunnis incentive to avoid war with #Israel

14. CIA Memo 1986:

Washington's gains would be mitigated. however, if Sunni fundamentalists assumed power. Should they succeed, they would likely deepen hostilities with #Israel and provide support and sanctuary to terrorist groups

Inggris sudah merasakan kebodohannya sendiri di TimTeng:

‘Irresponsible and incoherent’: UK-backed bombing raids destroy UK aid in Yemen

Sekarang kayanya giliran AS yang merasakan: emoticon-Wkwkwk


All About Konflik Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara menghadapi Terorisme part 3 - Part 6Syrian soldiers display weapons, including U.S.-made TOW anti-tank guided missiles, confiscated from rebels at a Syrian army base in the town of Ezraa, Daraa province, on July 4. President Donald Trump mostly cut U.S. support for Syrian insurgents, but such powerful weapons remain in the hands of various forces hostile to U.S. presence in the region.

Advanced weapons capable of piercing through armored vehicles and developed by the United States have been found in the hands of insurgent groups across the Middle East and may pose a threat to U.S. forces there.

The anti-tank guided missile, or ATGM, is a type of rocket launcher that can be used to guide a projectile toward its target via console controls and thin wires or laser technology. One of the most popular U.S.-made systems is the BGM-71 TOW, which stands for "Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided," a weapon that has been used in combat since the Vietnam War and in the Middle East at least since the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

By the time the Syrian civil war broke out in 2011, the Syrian military had amassed its own arsenal of Soviet-era ATGMs, a number of which fell in the hands of rebels and jihadis attempting to overthrow the government. The insurgency's stockpile grew, however, as the U.S. began to send TOW missiles to opposition fighters, a move that would have devastating results for Syria's tank force.

In the years since, Russian and Iranian backing has helped the Syrian military regain most of the country and foreign powers such as the U.S., Israel, Qatar and Saudi Arabia have largely abandoned their support for rebels, some of whose stockpile would go on to be used by militants such as the Islamic State (ISIS) and Al-Qaeda.

Even as these groups were mostly defeated in Iraq and Syria, many of these weapons remain unaccounted for, or have been acquired by other groups opposed to U.S. presence in the region.

In a report about ATGM proliferation in the Middle East published Tuesday, The Wall Street Journal cited a senior military analyst for defense-intelligence firm Stratfor, Omar Lamrani, as saying, "There is absolutely the possibility that the U.S. may face some of the same ATGMs it has delivered in the past to the Middle East."

This was already in the case in Iraq, where ISIS had its origins in the Al-Qaeda-led Sunni Muslim insurgency that followed the 2003 U.S. invasion. By 2014, ISIS had taken up to half the country and looted government caches that included TOW missiles as the U.S.-led coalition scrambled to battle the group in Iraq and in neighboring Syria, where the jihadis took advantage of the ongoing civil war to further their gains.

That same year, the CIA approved the distribution of TOW missiles to certain groups of the insurgent Free Syrian Army battling government forces. Toward the end of 2015, Russia entered the fight on behalf of Assad and the U.S. began to focus more on the mostly Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces' campaign against ISIS as the opposition grew increasingly Islamist, but Saudi Arabia still delivered up to 500 TOW missiles to rebels around this time, according to BBC News.

As Syrian rebels now primarily sponsored by Turkey turned against the Kurdish elements of the Syrian Democratic Forces, embedded U.S. troops found themselves being targeted by the very same groups they once supported. President Donald Trump, a longtime critic of his predecessor's efforts to arm non-state actors in Syria, officially cut U.S. support for the opposition in 2017, telling The Wall Street Journal that some weapons had ended up with Al-Qaeda.

An investigation released in May by investigative website Bellingcat found at least 1,070 confirmed TOW missile launches in seven years of Syria's civil war, making it more active than all other ATGM variants combined. In another case, a 9M111MB-1 ATGM was bought by the U.S. Army from Bulgaria in December 2015 only to be recovered by Iraqi troops battling ISIS in Ramadi two months later in February, according to a report published in December 2017 by the U.K.-based Conflict Armament Research group. The report matched the supply chain to the same weapons being sent to the Jaysh al-Nasr rebel group in Syria.

ISIS no longer holds territory in Iraq and has been reduced to a mere pocket of control in eastern Syria, where Trump announced last month that he would begin withdrawing U.S. troops. The Syrian government has regained control of most of the country, leaving the Syrian Democratic Forces with about a third and the Syrian opposition with only the northwestern province of Idlib, dominated by the Hayat Tahrir al-Sham coalition and other jihadi groups.

While Sunni militants now pose only a limited threat to U.S. forces in Iraq and Syria, Shiite Muslim forces supporting the local governments on behalf of Iran now claim a vast presence in both nations. Such groups as the Lebanese Hezbollah movement have echoed Assad's call for U.S. troops to exit Syria immediately, while Trump's recent surprise visit to Iraq highlighted local opposition to ongoing U.S. military presence there too, a sentiment voiced by both rival political blocs as well as members of local militias who have threatened to expel U.S. troops by force if necessary.

These militias, part of the majority-Shiite Muslim collective Popular Mobilization Forces, have officially joined the Iraqi military, giving them further access to TOW missiles and other U.S. weapons already seen in their ranks throughout the fight against ISIS.
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