MOSKOW, WOL - Seorang presenter ternama di Rusia mengumumkan dirinya positif terjangkit virus HIV dalam sebuah siaran langsung di televisi. Pavel Lobkov, seorang presenter televisi independen Dozhd, mengumumkan kabar mengejutkan itu dalam sebuah acara langsung pada Selasa (1/12/2015) malam waktu setempat, dalam peringatan Hari Aids Sedunia. Seperti dikutip AFP, dia adalah tokoh publik Rusia pertama yang secara terbuka mendeklarasikan dirinya positif HIV.
Rusia adalah salah satu negara dengan tingkat infeksi HIV tertinggi di dunia, dengan sekitar 1,000 kasus baru per bulan. Hampir satu juta warga Rusia diketahui telah terjangkit HIV. Jumlah pastinya bisa jauh lebih besar.
Lobkov, 48, mengaku menyadari dirinya mengidap Aids lebih kurang satu dekade lalu. Ketika itu, tahun 2003, dirinya memeriksakan diri di sebuah klinik. Setelah tes berakhir, Lobkov mengaku melihat tulisan “HIV+” di sebuah kertas putih. Lobkov kemudian diberitahu seorang dokter bahwa dirinya sudah tidak bisa lagi datang ke klinik ini karena sudah “positif HIV.”
“Ruangan itu memiliki sebuah jendela,” kata Lobkov, yang mengindikasikan dirinya sempat tergoda untuk bunuh diri. “Hari ini, saya telah melakukan sesuatu yang sangat serius dalam hidup saya,” ujar Lobkov, yang siarannya disaksikan jutaan warga Rusia. Dikenal sebagai tokoh yang vokal menyuarakan pendapatnya, Lobkov dipecat dari televisi nasional NTV pada 2012. Lobkov mengaku dirinya dipecat karena mendukung demonstrasi oposisi dalam menentang Vladimir Putin kembali ke kursi kepresidenan.(metrotv/data2)
sumber xtra dr detik news....
benarkah, rusia slh satu negara dgn pengidap HIV terbesar sedunia??
menurut UN AIDS di rusia sih iya...
kabar berita bhw bakal ada epidemic penyakit HIV sdh lama di suarakan di rusia, sejak mei 2015....
Spoiler for jangan dibaca:
Russian HIV-Aids epidemic worsening under Kremlin policies, says expert
Russia’s top Aids expert has lambasted the Kremlin’s increasingly conservative agenda, saying the HIV-Aids epidemic is worsening and at least two million Russians are likely to be infected in about five years. Vadim Pokrovsky, head of the country’s state Aids centre, said the Kremlin’s policies promoting traditional family values had failed to halt the spread of the deadly virus.
“The last five years of the conservative approach have led to the doubling of the number of HIV-infected people,” he told Agence France-Presse. “It has not justified itself,” Pokrovsky said, noting that the official number of Russians with HIV has grown to some 930,000 people from around 500,000 in 2010.
President Vladimir Putin, who enjoys unstinting support from the Russian Orthodox church, has over the past years been promoting increasingly conservative values in a bid to rally support from his core constituents of middle-aged Russians and blue-collar workers. Pokrovsky said that some 90,000 people contracted HIV in Russia last year, compared with fewer than 3,000 people in Germany, which has one of the lowest rates of HIV infection in Europe.
He chalked up Germany’s success in fighting Aids to drug replacement therapy for addicts – banned in Russia – as well as the legalisation of prostitution and sex education in schools. “Children are taught to use condoms there,” Pokrovsky said, indicating that was hardly imaginable in modern Russia where the Orthodox church is growing increasingly influential. Russia has registered more than 930,000 people with HIV, of whom some 192,000 have already died, said Pokrovsky.
Pokrovsky said he expected those numbers to rise to about one million people by the end of the year or early 2016 as the virus increasingly affects the heterosexual population. He estimated that there would be about two million people registered as HIV carriers and about three million Russians with HIV in total in about four to five years unless tough measures are taken to halt the spread of the virus. “This means that the measures being taken now are ineffective,” Pokrovsky said, noting that even if the government takes drastic measures to curb the epidemic now the HIV rate would still be rising for the next two to three years “by inertia”.
This year the government plans to spend 21bn rubles (US$418m) to fight the disease, up from 18bn rubles a year earlier. Pokrovsky said that the lion’s share of that amount is spent on antiretroviral therapy, stressing that authorities are not paying enough attention to preventive measures including education. He said the Russian health ministry did not have a single expert in charge of HIV prevention.
“This is an infection that affects people aged 25-35,” Pokrovsky said. “They die when they are around 35. And they could have worked for a long time.” “It’s a serious cause of death for Russians, young Russians,” he added.
More than 60 per cent of those affected are believed to have used drugs at least once. But Pokrovsky said that heterosexual intercourse appears to be the most common route of HIV transmission in Russia, drawing parallels with Africa, the epicentre of the HIV-Aids epidemic. Nationwide adult HIV prevalence is around 1.0 per cent in Russia. Some of the worst affected locales include the Volga city of Tolyatti with a whopping 3.0 per cent prevalence, and the Irkutsk region in Siberia with 1.5 per cent, Pokrovsky said.
Since the start of the worldwide epidemic, about 78 million people have been infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which can destroy immune cells and leaves the body exposed to tuberculosis, pneumonia and other opportunistic diseases. Thirty-nine million people have died, according to UN estimates. Antiretroviral drugs, invented in the mid-1990s, can treat infection, but cannot cure it or prevent it.
pdhl, rusia itu negara anti LGBT... kok, trnyata malah slh satu negara dgn tingkat penyebaran HIV tertinggi sedunia....
Russia HIV infection rate rising as World Aids Day marked
On a frigid evening on the outskirts of Moscow, two HIV-prevention activists unzip backpacks, pull out packs of hypodermic needles and start discretely approaching people leaving a nearby pharmacy with an offer that could save their lives. One man, cheeks sunken and behavior jittery, takes a plastic bag full of needles, a tube of ointment for sores and a pamphlet of material about disease prevention. "Thank you," he says, quickly making eye contact before hurrying away.
While the rate of HIV infection is on a global decline as World AIDS Day is marked Tuesday, the number of new infections in Russia continues to rise. By 2016, the country's Federal AIDS Center estimates the total number of those diagnosed with HIV will reach 1 million. The majority of new infections occur among injecting drug users when dirty needles are shared.
So-called harm reduction programs — which distribute clean needles and condoms as well as provide methadone substitution therapy — are shown to reduce the spread of diseases such as HIV. But the Russian government has refused to fund such initiatives, saying this approach to treatment enables addicts to continue living their dangerous lifestyle.
Activists have tried to bridge the gap.
"We know we can't reach everyone and you can't force anyone to stop using, but at least this provides the tools people need to reduce the spread of diseases," said Lena Groznova, who has been participating in the Andrey Rylkov Foundation's outreach program for the past three years. The foundation's activists are out nearly every day in Moscow, waiting around pharmacies that sell non-prescription eye drops used to enhance the effect of opiates.
Though such clean needle distribution programs are allowed to operate, a decline in international funding severely limits the scope of their activity. In 2009, Russia was supposed to take over the work of one of the major HIV prevention and treatment donors, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS Tuberculosis and Malaria, which operates exclusively in low-income countries and no longer considers Russia eligible based on this criterion. "We assumed that the government was picking up all the pieces and taking over the treatment component for all of the people in need. However, the treatment that was being done by the community was not being supported by the government," Nicolas Cantau, the Global Fund project manager for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, told The Associated Press. "We were all taken by surprise."
After learning Russia would no longer fund grassroots outreach organizations, the Global Fund decided to continue its work within Russia, but with a fraction of the previous budget. As a result, only 4,300 people have received anti-retroviral drugs this year, compared to 66,000 people in 2009 who had access to the HIV medication with the help of Global Fund aid money. The Fund has again made plans to leave Russia by the end of 2017.
Approximately 30 percent of Russians in need of anti-retroviral drugs currently do not have access to them, according to the Health Ministry. The U.S. Agency for International Development and the Open Society Foundation, which collectively sponsored over 200 organizations working with HIV, were both forced out of Russia in 2012. Methadone substitution therapy is widely used globally to wean addicts off intravenous drugs. In Russia, however, the outdated "cold turkey" method is the only available rehabilitation route for addicts; distributing methadone can bring a prison sentence of up to 20 years.
In neighboring Ukraine, whose HIV epidemic has mirrored Russia's, methadone therapy is legal and increasingly prevalent. After years of rapid growth in infection rates, the number of new HIV infections among drug injectors was down in 2013 by 33 percent, according to the HIV/ AIDS Alliance of Ukraine, a decline that has largely been attributed to the introduction of methadone therapy.
Crimea is frequently cited as an example of what happens when methadone therapy is suddenly made unavailable. After the Ukrainian peninsula was annexed by Russia in March 2014 and methadone became illegal, an estimated 80 to 100 of its 12,000 HIV-positive residents died from suicide and overdose, according to UNAIDS.
"Russia decided to come up with its own plan to deal with its drug problem, but 15 years have passed and there is no alternative plan," said Vadim Pokrovsky, the head of the Federal AIDS Center in Moscow, who diagnosed the first HIV case in the Soviet Union in 1987. In October, Russia announced it would double spending on HIV care and prevention next year to $600 million.
Maxim Malyshev, who runs a clean needle distribution program with the Rylkov Foundation, is skeptical that the increase in government funding will have much positive effect. "Look at what they are currently doing with their budget. Will we get more signs on the metro telling us HIV doesn't occur in monogamous relationships?" Malyshev said, referring to a current public information campaign on the Moscow subway. The signs read: "Love and loyalty to your partner is your protection from AIDS" and "HIV isn't transferred through friendship." Bishop Methodius runs purity education programs at Russian Orthodox Churches, advocating a wholesome life to protect against HIV infection. "For us, the lessons of chastity are more important than sexual education," he said.
Sexual education programs in schools, also widely believed to slow the spread of HIV, have also been shot down by conservative government officials who say they promote sexual activity among children. "I am often asked: When will you have sex education? I say never," Pavel Astakhov, the president's children's rights commissioner, said at a press conference last year. Astakhov has also famously remarked that the best sex education is Russian literature.
"For the last 20 years of the HIV epidemic that I've been involved in the Russian Federation, there was this sense that the epidemic doesn't affect me. It doesn't affect the average Russian. It only affects marginalized groups like injecting drug users and therefore is not something that is relevant or of concern for Russian society, or the average Russian person," Vinay Saldanha, the director of the UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, told the AP.
Saldanha, however, is hopeful that Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev's recent remarks on the scale of the HIV epidemic in Russia could signal a change in the way the illness is perceived at the upper levels of the Russian government. Malyshev was a bit more cautious about what the future might have in store for HIV activists. "I've stopped making predictions," he said. "There have been too many surprises in the past 20 years."
ukraina, negara yg sk di BULLY ama om putin, trnyata lbh sukses dlm mencegah penyebaran penyakit HIv drpd moscow...
trnyata....kebijakan2 om putin yg sngt konservatif, justru menghambat pencegahan penyebaran HIV scr menyeluruh di rusia...
mmbikin rusia jd salah stau negara pengidap HIV terbesar sedunia....
ohh.....rusia....negara SUPER POWER yg SUPER STRONGGG sedunia... :