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[Clinic] Buat tanya jawab penyakit2 ikan hias
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https://www.kaskus.co.id/thread/000000000000000000881267/clinic-buat-tanya-jawab-penyakit2-ikan-hias

[Clinic] Buat tanya jawab penyakit2 ikan hias

Buat teman2 yg punya masalah soal ikan nya yg sakit, tolong masukan pertanyaan nya disini lengkap dengan tanda2 nya dan kalo bisa photo nya juga supaya lebih jelas. Nanti teman2 lain yg pernah punya pengalaman akan coba bantu
Beri apresiasi terhadap thread ini Gan!
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Red Pest

Symptoms: Bloody streaks on fins or body.

Red Pest is called such because of bloody streaks that appear on the body, fins and/or tail. These streaks could proceed to ulcerations and possibly lead to fin and tail rot.
A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol). Or use tetracycline. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water.

Dropsy

Symptoms: Bloating of the body, protruding scales.

The fluids in the body build up and cause the fish to bloat up and the scales to protrude. It appears to only cause trouble in weakened fish and possibly from unkempt aquarium conditions
A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol). Or use tetracycline. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water

[Clinic] Buat tanya jawab penyakit2 ikan hias

Scale Protrusion

Symptoms: Protruding scales without body bloat.

Scale protrusion is essentially a bacterial infection of the scales and/or body. A variety of bacterium could be the culprit here, as can unkempt aquarium conditions.

First, attempt to ascertain the cause. Then treat accordingly. Also, treat the water or fish with antibiotics. A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol). Or use tetracycline. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water. If added to the water, use 20 - 30 mg per liter. Also, if unkempt conditions are the suspected cause, correct it.

Tail Rot & Fin Rot

Symptoms: Disintegrating fins that may be reduced to stumps, exposed fin rays, blood on edges of fins, reddened areas at base of fins, skin ulcers with gray or red margins, cloudy eyes.

Tail and fin rot appears to be a bacterial infection of the tail and/or fins and may be caused by generally poor conditions, bully, or fin nipping tankmates. If aquarium conditions are not good an infection can be caused from a simple injury to the fins/tail. Tuberculosis can lead to tail and fin rot. Basically, the tail and/or fins become frayed or lose color. Over time the affected area slowly breaks down.

First, attempt to ascertain the cause. Then treat accordingly. Also, treat the water or fish with antibiotics. A good antibiotic is chloromycetin (chloramphenicol). Or use tetracycline. If you feed your fish frozen foods or chopped foods, try to use the same ratio with mixing. As a last resort add at most 10 mg per liter of water. If added to the water, use 20 - 30 mg per liter. Also, if unkempt conditions are the suspected cause, correct it.

[Clinic] Buat tanya jawab penyakit2 ikan hias

Mouth Fungus

Symptoms: White cottony patches around the mouth.

It shows up first as a gray or white line around the lips and later as short tufts sprouting from the mouth like fungus. The toxins produced and the inability to eat will be fatal unless treated at an early stage.
Penicillin at 10,000 units per liter is a very effective treatment. Treat with a second dose in two days. Or use chloromycetin, 10 to 20 mg per liter, with a second dose in two days.

Tuberculosis

Symptoms: Emaciation, hollow belly, possibly sores.

Tuberculosis is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium piscium. Fish infected with tuberculosis may become hollow bellied, pale, show skin ulcers and frayed fins, and loss of appetite. Yellowish or darker nodules may appear on the body or eyes. The main cause for this disease appears to be over crowding in unkempt conditions.

There is no known treatment for this disease. The best thing to do is destroy the infected fish and, if unkempt conditions or over crowding is the suspected cause, correct the condition. It is apparently possible for humans to contract this disease, though very rarely, so I would recommend caution when dealing with it.


Velvet or Rust

Symptoms: Clamped fins, respiratory distress (breathing hard), yellow to light brown "dust" on body.

Velvet affects different species in different ways. Danios seem to be the most susceptible, but often show no discomfort. This disease is highly contagious and fatal.
Acriflavine (trypaflavine) may be used instead at 0.2% solution (1 ml per liter). the water should be gradually changed after a cure has been effected.

Ich (Ichthyphthirious)

Symptoms: Salt-like specks on the body/fins. Excessive slime. Problems breathing (ich invades the gills), clamped fins, loss of appetite.

The free swimming phase is the best time to treat with chemicals. Raising the aquarium temperature to 80º F will greatly shorten the time for the free swimming phase to occur. The drug of choice is quinine hydrochloride at 30 mg per liter (1 in 30,000). Quinine sulphate can be used if the hydrochloride is not available. The water may cloud but this will disappear. By reducing the time (with raised temperature) of the phases, you should be able to attack the free swimming phase effectively.
Some aquarists like to use malachite green, but it tends to stain the plastic and silicone in the aquarium. Most commercial remedies contain malachite green and/or copper, which are both effective.

Costia

Symptoms: Milky cloudiness on skin.

This is a rare protozoan disease that causes a cloudiness of the skin. The best treatment is with copper at 0.2 mg per liter (0.2 ppm) to be repeated once in a few days if necessary. Acriflavine (trypaflavine) may be used instead at 0.2% solution (1 ml per liter). As acriflavine can possibly sterilize fish and copper can lead to poisoning, the water should be gradually changed after a cure has been effected.
Raising the water temperature to 80º - 83º F for a few days has also been effective.

Neon Tetra Disease

Symptoms: Whitened areas deep into the fishes' flesh. Muscle degeneration leading to abnormal swimming movements.

So named for the fish it was first recognized on. It is caused by the sporozoa Plistophora hyphessobryconis. Even though it is named after Neon Tetras, it can appear on other fish. Whitish patches appear as if just below the skin. In Neon Tetras it destroys the bright blue-green neon stripe. The organisms form cysts which burst and release spores. The spores penetrate further and form more cysts. Eventually, the spores migrate to the water and are eaten by other fish in the food. These spores migrate into the digestive tract, then the muscles, and a new infection starts.

There is no known cure. It is best to destroy the infected fish and clean the aquarium

Glugea and Henneguya

Symptoms: Similar to Lymphocystis, the fish will have nodular white swellings on fins or body.

Glugea and Henneguya are sporozoans that form large cysts on the fish's body and release spores. Luckily, these diseases are very rare. The fish bloat up, with tumor like protrusions, and eventually die.

No cure, as of yet. It is best to destroy the infected fish before the spores can spread.

Chilodonella

Symptoms: Dulling of the colors due to excessive slime, fraying of the fins, weakness, gill damage

This disease causes a blue white cloudiness on the skin and attacks the gills. Later the skin may be broken down and the gills destroyed. The fish may behave like they have irritations, by glancing off aquarium decor, they may have clamped fins and difficulty breathing.
Acriflavine (trypaflavine) may be used at 1% solution (5 ml per liter). As acriflavine can sterilize fish, the water should be gradually changed after a cure has been effected. It also helps to raise the temperature to about 80º F.

Hexamita

Symptoms: The first symptom of slimy, white mucous feces, even while still eating and acting normal. Further signs are the fish hiding in the corner it's head down, head above the eyes gets thin, they blacken in color, and swim backwards.

As it is a disease of the digestive tract, a wasting away or loss of appetite may be experienced.
An effective treatment is the drug metronidazole. A combined treatment in the food (1% in any food the fish will eat) and in the water (12 mg per liter) is recommended. Repeat the water treatment every other day for three treatments.

Lymphocystis

Symptoms: Nodular white swellings (cauliflower) on fins or body.

Lymphocystis is a virus and, being a virus, affects the cells of the fish. It usually manifests itself as abnormally large white lumps (cauliflower) on the fins or other parts of the body. It can be infectious, but is usually not fatal. Unfortunately, there is no cure. Fortunately, this is a rare disease.

There are two suggested treatments. One treatment is to remove and destroy the infected fish as soon as possible. The other treatment is to simply separate the infected fish for several months and hope for remission, which usually does occur.
Siap bos
emoticon-Big Grin
Gitu donk, kan jd ga berceceran n ga ada yg nanya 2 kali emoticon-Big Grin
Oscarku, matanya (sepertinya) membesar keluar. Ngga tau normal atau ngga, karena gak punya pembanding. Yang pengalaman dengan Oscar, share pls emoticon-Big Grin
gw piara bbrp Parrot
minggu lalu gw liat ada bercak putih disisi kiri punggungnya, tp gw cuekin
krn gw pikir cuma mutasi warna.
sekrg ternyata itu bercak sdh jadi lobang, tembus kedaging.
si Parrot jadi loyo, tp msh mau makan dikit2.

penyebabnya kemungkinan krn gw telat ganti air, agak kotor, timbul penyakit.
ada yg pernah ngalami gini??
pake apa yaa ngobatinnya??
Pic nya dunks
Quote:


Itu kedua mata nya ato salah satu aja ? Bisa karena kualitas air jelek (tinggi ammonia, nitrat dan nitrit), ato kena penyakit popeye

Coba loe ganti ai rnya setengah, pake air baru yg bagus & sudah diendapin + aerasi kencang. Kasih tetracyline 30-50 mg per liter air
Quote:


Itu kena penyakit costia yg berkembang jadi ulcer / borok, memang penyebabnya karena air yg kotor. Coba obatin pake elbayou sesuai dosis anjuran nya, aerasi + heater 28 C

Terus olesin gentamicin sulfate cream diluka nya, hati2 jangan sampe kena mata ato insang
Beli obat2an d mana bro, d apotek?
Soalnya d tempat gw toko ikan paling mentok punya elbayu doank emoticon-Frown
@Hand4ya: gentamicin sulfate beli di apotik ya? merek dagangnya apa?
saia maw bertanya beberapa pertanyaan soal louhan .
louhan saia dah 2 hari mknnya ogah"an .
padahal dulu klo tangan gw dah di atas aq aja dia langsung mangap" maw mkn .
skrg pelletnya dah masuk aq jg ga di makan malah diem dia .
knp yaa ?
apa dah bosen ama pellet ?
Quote:


Iya gw biasa beli tetracycline, chloramphenicol, metronidazole, amoxicillin, garam inggris di apotek

Kalo methylene blue, malachite green, purazolidone, acriflavine gitu sih beli di toko ikan ato dari supplier perlengkapan

Quote:


Iya saya beli di apotek, merek nya Genalten
Quote:


Louhan mogok makan karena beberapa sebab

1. Kualitas air nya dah jelek

Coba loe ganti air nya setengah pake air yg sudah diendapin + diaerasi kencang semaleman, setelah setengah hari ganti lagi setengah nya. Terus kasih garam aquarium + methylene blue dosis pengobatan whitespot + heater 28-30 C + aerasi, matiin filter biarkan selama beberapa hari ganti air setengah masukin dosis obat baru setiap 2 hari

2. Kena penyakit

Kalo perutnya buncit & poop nya putih berlendir berarti kena hexamita, ganti air setengah kasih metrodinazole 50 mg per liter air + heater 30 C + aerasi yg cukup kencang (filter matiin selama pengobatan). Ganti air setengah masukin dosis obat baru setiap 24 jam

3. Bosen makanan

Coba loe ganti menu nya, kasih bloodworm ato ikan umpan yg kecil2 & sehat
klo aer sih anget" aja .
suhunya sekitar itu .
klo penyakit keknya ngga tuh .
kotorannya padet" aja .
ga ada masalah .
mungkin bosen pellet x .
Quote:


Kalo temp ok, loe dah periksa belum kadar ammonia, nitrit dan nitrat di airnya ? Air nya berbau ngga ? Seberapa sering loe ganti air ?
haha .
klo ganti aer .
blm pernah .
abis aernya gw liad sih bersih bgt .
tadi gw coba kasi mkn udang beku .
kaga di mkn jg tuh , sayang udang bekunya malah ksedot powerhead .
zz .
tar coba ganti aer deh .
lah busyet, aer bening bukan berarti bersih ren emoticon-Big Grin
eek ma pipisnya ikan pada kemana tuh klo ga pernah diganti aer emoticon-Stick Out Tongue
mau tanya dunks, klo salah 1 ikan kena 'TBC' bisa menular ke ikan lain ga? bisa menular ke manusia ga? emoticon-Stick Out Tongue
^
^
emang ikan lo TBC? emoticon-Confused:
Ga kan k manusia.
Ga tau deh kalo k ikan yg 1 tank

Mendingan yg sakit d karantina aja
Bro @Hand4ya
Coba jelasin detailnya dunk keterangan dibawah ini :

ganti air setengah kasih metrodinazole 50 mg per liter air + heater 30 C + aerasi yg cukup kencang (filter matiin selama pengobatan). Ganti air setengah masukin dosis obat baru setiap 24 jam.

Thanks ya, gw baru miara ikan baru 2 hari mati 7 , trus ikan koki cocoknya di campur dengan ikan apa saja dalam 1 akuarium
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